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We report on a pedigree of dominantly-inherited, adult-onset Alexander disease caused by the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene mutation, R416W. This pedigree highlights the importance of genetic analysis of the GFAP gene in leukodystrophy with palatal tremor.
A good standard reference for the highly polymorphic human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence is essential for studies of normal and disease-related nucleotide variants in the mitochondrial genome. A consensus sequence for the human mitochondrial genome has been derived from thirteen unrelated mtDNA sequences. We report 128 nucleotide variants of the human(More)
Skeletal muscle mtDNA of three patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, characterized clinically by myoclonic epilepsy and ragged-red fiber (MERRF) syndrome, has been sequenced to determine the underlying molecular defect(s). An A-to-G substitution of nt 8344 in the tRNA(Lys) gene, a substitution suggested to be associated with MERRF(More)
We describe a patient with myopathy, sensorimotor neuropathy, hypogonadism, and infertility with abnormal sperm mobility and morphology. Analysis of the deltoid muscle DNA revealed a G to A change at nt 1102 in the twinkle gene and multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions. Histochemistry revealed "ragged-red" fibers and many cytochrome-c oxidase negative fibers(More)
Respiratory chain complex I deficiency is a common cause of Leigh's disease (LD) and can be caused by mutations in genes encoded by either nuclear or mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Most pathogenic mtDNA mutations act recessively and only cause disease when present at high mutant loads (typically >90%) in tissues such as muscle and brain. Two mitochondrial DNA(More)
Multiple Symmetrical Lipomatosis (MSL) is an unusual disorder characterized by the development of axial lipomas in adulthood. The pathoetiology of lipoma tissue in MSL remains unresolved. Seven patients with MSL were followed for a mean period of 12 years (8-20 years). All patients had cervical lipomas ranging from subtle lesions to disfiguring masses; six(More)
We have analyzed Twinkle, the causative gene for autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia (adPEO) on chromosome 10, in 11 Australian autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia families of Caucasian origin, and investigated whether there are distinct molecular and clinical features associated with mutations in this gene. We found(More)
Inheritance of animal mtDNA is almost exclusively maternal, most likely because sperm-derived mitochondria are actively eliminated from the ovum, either at or soon after fertilization. How such elimination occurs is currently unknown. We asked whether similar behavior could be detected in somatic cells, by following the fate of mitochondria and mtDNAs after(More)
Intergenomic variation in the human mitochondrial genome was examined in 27 mtDNA sequences using a pairwise analysis technique. Analysis of 16 of these mtDNA sequences from patients with mitochondrial cytopathies indicated a wide range between different mitochondrial genes in the degree of nucleotide variation from the standard Cambridge sequence. Mean(More)