Dominic E. Picarella

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Although T helper (TH) cell–mediated immunity is required to effectively eliminate pathogens, unrestrained TH activity also contributes to tissue injury in many inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. We report here that the TH type 1 (TH1)-specific Tim-3 (T cell immunoglobulin domain, mucin domain) protein functions to inhibit aggressive TH1-mediated auto-(More)
Mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) is an adhesion protein expressed on endothelium in mucosal tissues that has been shown to play an important role in the selective homing of lymphocytes to intestinal mucosa and associated lymphoid tissue. To determine whether MAdCAM-1 or its ligand alpha 4 beta 7 would be appropriate targets for(More)
A characteristic feature of rheumatoid arthritis is the abundance of inflammatory cells in the diseased joint. Two major components of this infiltrate are neutrophils in the synovial fluid and macrophages in the synovial tissue. These cells produce cytokines including tumor necrosis factor alpha and other proinflammatory mediators that likely drive the(More)
To investigate the contribution of interleukin-4 (IL-4) to airway inflammation in vivo and to explore directly its relationship to airway reactivity, we created transgenic mice in which the murine cDNA for IL-4 was regulated by the rat Clara cell 10 protein promoter. Expression was detected only in the lung and not in thymus, heart, liver, spleen, kidney,(More)
CCL1 is the predominant chemokine secreted from IgE-activated human and mouse mast cells in vitro, colocalizes to mast cells in lung biopsies, and is elevated in asthmatic airways. CCR8, the receptor for CCL1, is expressed by approximately 70% of CD4(+) T lymphocytes recruited to the asthmatic airways, and the number of CCR8-expressing cells is increased(More)
We produced transgenic mice which overexpress human IL-6 in the airway epithelial cells. Transgenic mice develop a mononuclear cell infiltrate adjacent to large and mid-sized airways. Immunohistochemistry reveals these cells to be predominantly CD4+ cells, MHC class II+ cells, and B220+ cells. Transgenic mice and nontransgenic mice had similar baseline(More)
Th1 inflammation and remodeling characterized by tissue destruction frequently coexist in human diseases. To further understand the mechanisms of these responses, we defined the role(s) of CCR5 in the pathogenesis of IFN-gamma-induced inflammation and remodeling in a murine emphysema model. IFN-gamma was a potent stimulator of the CCR5 ligands macrophage(More)
Tumor necrosis factor beta (TNF-beta) (lymphotoxin) may play an important role in the immune response and pathologic inflammatory diseases. Insulitis is an important early step in the development of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. To understand better the role of TNF-beta in the regulation of inflammation and type 1 diabetes, we produced transgenic(More)
Tolerance to peripheral antigens is thought to result from the inability of parenchymal tissue to stimulate T cells--an inability that is believed to relate to the lack of expression of the costimulatory signal(s) required for T-cell activation. To test this model, we generated transgenic mice expressing costimulatory molecule B7-1 on the B cells of the(More)