Dominic Chapman

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Trehalose is a nonreducing disaccharide of glucose commonly found at high concentrations in anhydrobiotic organisms. In the presence of trehalose, dry dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) had a transition temperature similar to that of the fully hydrated lipid, whereas DPPC dried without trehalose had a transition temperature about 30 degrees Kelvin(More)
On heating pure, fully saturated 2,3-diacyl-DL-phosphatidyl-ethanolamines and 2,3-diacylphosphatidyl-cholines (lecithins) in water to the transition temperature at which large endothermic heat changes occur, they are observed, by light microscopy, to form myelin figures. This result is discussed in terms of the large difference in the transition temperature(More)
The numbers of myelinated and unmyelinated fibers were counted in dorsal roots of adult rats treated neonatally with capsaicin in doses ranging from 5 to 100 mg/kg. Substance P and somatostatin levels in the spinal cord, dorsal roots, and sensory ganglia also were determined in control and treated animals. Capsaicin administration lead to the loss of both(More)
Raman spectroscopy has been applied to a model biomembrane structure in order to obtain information about phospholipid hydrocarbon chain ordering. The intensity of the 1130-cm-1 Raman line obtained from a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) coarse aqueous dispersion has been measured as a function of temperature. The intensities of this line anther with(More)
The importance of nerve growth factor (NGF) for the development of sensory ganglia was investigated by injecting rat fetuses (16.50 days of gestation) with a single dose of anti-NGF antiserum. Four months later the treated animals showed a very large decrease in substance P- and somatostatin-like immunoreactivities in dorsal root ganglia and skin with a(More)
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) can be used for conformational analysis of peptides in a wide range of environments. Measurements can be performed in aqueous solution, organic solvents, detergent micelles as well as in phospholipid membranes. Information on the secondary structure of peptides can be derived from the analysis of the strong(More)
A method is presented for determining the secondary structural composition of a protein in aqueous solution from its infrared spectrum. A factor analysis approach is used to analyze the infrared spectra of 18 proteins whose crystal structures are known from X-ray studies. Factor analysis followed by multiple linear regression identifies those eigenspectra(More)