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Although numerous studies have shown that brain-damaged patients tend to underestimate neuropsychological (NP) impairment when self-ratings are compared to informant ratings, the meaning of such discrepancies is not well studied in multiple sclerosis (MS). We compared patient self- and informant-report questionnaire ratings of NP functioning in 122 MS(More)
The Word Memory Test (WMT) and Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) are two commonly used free-standing measures of test-taking effort. The use of any test as a measure of effort is enhanced when evidence shows that it can be easily passed by patients with severe neurological conditions. The opportunity arose to administer the WMT and MSVT to a 9-year-old(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In recent studies, measures of whole brain atrophy were strongly correlated with neuropsychological testing, explaining more variance than measures of lesion burden in patients with multiple sclerosis. The relationship between regional lobar atrophy and cognitive impairment is yet to be examined. We endeavored to assess the clinical(More)
Neuropsychological impairment is a common feature of multiple sclerosis. Affected patients often have deficits in information-processing speed and memory and exhibit psychopathological states such as depression. A minority of patients have rarer affect/mood disorders such as euphoria sclerotica and pathological laughter/crying. Neuropsychological impairment(More)
The primary goal of this study was to investigate associations between regional gray matter (GM) atrophy and neuropsychological function in multiple sclerosis (MS), while accounting for the influence of central brain atrophy (i.e. third ventricle enlargement). Using a cross-sectional design, we studied 59 MS patients with brain MRI and neuropsychological(More)
One principle underlying the use of the Word Memory Test (WMT) as an effort test is that with good effort, recognition scores above the cutoffs will be observed. However, to understand the limits of effort testing, it is necessary to study people known to have severe impairment and significant neuropathology involving memory structures. Goodrich-Hunsaker(More)
In multiple sclerosis (MS), atrophy occurs in various cortical and subcortical regions. However, it is unclear whether this is mostly due to gray (GM) or white matter (WM) loss. Recently, a new semi-automatic brain region extraction (SABRE) technique was developed to quantify parenchyma volume in 13 hemispheric regions. This study utilized SABRE and tissue(More)
The use of symptom validity assessment has become commonplace in clinical neuropsychological evaluations. However, clinicians often struggle with how to provide patients with feedback regarding invalid responding or effort, because of the sensitive nature of the information that must be conveyed. A conceptual framework for providing such feedback is(More)
Religious beliefs are an important part of clients' culture, whether acknowledged or not. Psychological theories about social and cognitive processes can help mental-health professionals better understand the function of religious beliefs in coping and their role in therapy. Religious individuals are likely to use heuristics to form rapid judgments rather(More)
PURPOSE To determine to what extent T1- and T2-regional lesion volumes (RLVs) contribute to total and/or regional gray matter (GM) atrophy in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS We studied 110 (67 relapsing-remitting and 43 secondary-progressive) MS patients. SABRE program was used to parcel the brain into 13 regions per hemisphere. Total and regional GM(More)