Domingos Luis Wanderley Picanço-Diniz

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Physalis angulata is a popular medicine used in Brazil due to its anti-inflammatory effects, but the pharmacological mechanisms underlying these actions remain to be better understood. In the present work, lyophilized aqueous extract from the roots of Physalis angulata Linneu (AEPa) was used to control the inflammatory response induced by the injection of(More)
The effects of cholinometics on basal or hCG-induced testosterone (T) release by Percoll-purified Leydig cells of the rat were studied. Acetylcholine and carbachol as well as nicotine decreased basal and hCG-induced T secretion. The ganglionic nicotine antagonist hexamethonium promoted a partial reversal of the inhibitory effect of nicotine on basal or(More)
Since endothelin has been localized in neurons in areas involved in water and electrolyte metabolism, areas which also contain atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) neurons, we determined whether endothelin would release ANP and induce natriuresis. Endothelin-3 (ET-3) in doses ranging from 38 to 760 pmol was microinjected into the third ventricle (3V) of(More)
Incubation of hemipituitaries from male rats (200-220 g) with 10 nM to 1 microM adenosine induced a dose-dependent decrease of the release of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) into the medium, and increased prolactin (PRL) secretion. The effects of 10 nM adenosine were blocked by 100 nM caffeine, whereas 100 nM caffeine alone(More)
Thiamethoxam is a neonicotinoid insecticide, a group of pesticides that acts selectively on insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), with only a little action on mammalian nAChRs. Nevertheless, the selectivity of neonicotinoids for the insect nAChRs may change when these substances are metabolized. Therefore, we aimed to determine the potential(More)
The brain atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) neuronal system appears to be involved in the increase in plasma ANP which follows blood volume expansion in the rat. To determine if this neuronal system is essential to the natriuresis and increase in plasma ANP which follow volume expansion, highly specific antiserum against ANP (ANP-AB) and/or normal rabbit(More)
The visual system is a potential target for methylmercury (MeHg) intoxication. Nevertheless, there are few studies about the cellular mechanisms of toxicity induced by MeHg in retinal cells. Various reports have indicated a critical role for nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activation in modulating MeHg neurotoxicity in cerebellar and cortical regions. The aim(More)
We investigated the effects of adenosine on prolactin (PRL) secretion from rat anterior pituitaries incubated in vitro. The administration of 5-N-methylcarboxamidoadenosine (MECA), an analog agonist that preferentially activates A2 receptors, induced a dose-dependent (1 nM to 1 microM) increase in the levels of PRL released, an effect abolished by(More)
This study was undertaken in order to characterize the role of the glutamate/aspartate transporter (GLAST) in the glutathione (GSH) efflux induced by glutamate. Our results demonstrated that retinal cell cultures exhibit two mechanisms of GSH release, one Na(+)-independent and other Na(+)-dependent. Glutamate and aspartate induced GSH efflux only in(More)
alpha-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH; 0.6 and 3 nmol) micro-injected into the anteroventral region of the third ventricle (AV3V) induced a significant increase in diuresis without modifying natriuresis or kaliuresis. Intraperitoneal (ip) injection of alpha-MSH (3 and 9.6 nmol) induced a significant increase in urinary sodium, potassium and water(More)