Domenico Mastroianni

Learn More
Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) plays a crucial role in the signaling pathways triggered by interleukin (IL)-1 and Toll-like receptors in several steps of innate host defense. A crucial event in this signaling pathway is represented by dimerization of MyD88, which allows the recruitment of downstream kinases like IRAK-1 and IRAK-4. Herein, we have(More)
Long-pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is a soluble pattern recognition receptor with non-redundant functions in inflammation and innate immunity. PTX3 comprises a pentraxin-like C-terminal domain involved in complement activation via C1q interaction and an N-terminal extension with unknown functions. PTX3 binds fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2), inhibiting its(More)
The prototypical dopamine and serotonin antagonist (+/-)-7-chloro-9-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-9,10-dihydropyrrolo[2,1-b][1,3]benzothiazepine (5) was resolved into its R and S enantiomers via crystallization of the diastereomeric tartaric acid salts. Binding studies confirmed that the (R)-(-)-enantiomer is a more potent D(2) receptor antagonist than the(More)
The analysis of some Italian mineral waters by ICP-MS has revealed errors in the determination of As and Cr in natural effervescent or carbonated waters due to the presence of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). This leads to overestimate As and Cr in 1% (v/v) HNO3 acidified samples, analysed within 1-2 h after the acidification. The overestimation of As(More)
The synthesis of new substituted prolines carrying at C-4 a second α-amino acid residue is reported. The amino acid, l-cysteine or l-selenocysteine, is linked to the proline ring through the sulfur or the selenium atom, respectively. The products were prepared with different stereochemistry at C-4, in few and clean high-yielding steps, with suitable(More)
Recently we reported the pharmacological characterization of the 9,10-dihydropyrrolo[1,3]benzothiazepine derivative (S)-(+)-8 as a novel atypical antipsychotic agent. This compound had an optimum pK(i) 5-HT(2A)/D(2) ratio of 1.21 (pK(i) 5-HT(2A) = 8.83; pK(i) D(2) = 7.79). The lower D(2) receptor affinity of (S)-(+)-8 compared to its enantiomer was(More)
We describe the design and synthesis of a peptidomimetic library derived from the heptapeptide Ac-RDVLPGT-NH 2, belonging to the Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain of the adaptor protein MyD88 and effective in inhibiting its homodimerization. The ability of the peptidomimetics to inhibit protein-protein interaction was assessed by yeast 2-hybrid assay and(More)
During a sampling campaign, carried out during June 2012, inside some traditional households located in four villages (Phakding, Namche, Pangboche and Tukla) of Mt. Everest region in southern part of the central Himalaya (Nepal), particulate matter (PM) depositions and ashes have been collected. Moreover, outdoor PM depositions have also been analyzed.(More)
The most promising approach in Alzheimer disease immunotherapy is represented by amyloid beta derivatives with low intrinsic neurotoxicity and minimal overall T cell responses. To avoid toxicity and autoimmune response, we have designed a new class of Abeta derivatives through segmentation of the original Abeta[1-42] peptide and application of the glycine(More)
  • 1