Domenico Maria Zardi

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According to current literature, infective processes greatly modify both vascular hemodynamics and anti-oxidant properties of affected tissues, causing a change in homeostasis that regulates the correct functioning of all cells responsible for the physiological and metabolic balance of various organs. As a consequence, the response to the infection that has(More)
Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is a clinical syndrome in patients with liver cirrhosis characterized by an abnormal and blunted response to physiologic, pathologic, or pharmacologic stress but normal to increased cardiac output and contractility at rest. As many as 50% of cirrhotic patients undergoing liver transplantation show signs of cardiac dysfunction, and(More)
UNLABELLED Natriuretic peptides (NPs) modulate vasodilatation and vascular remodelling. In human coronary explants, expression of NPs mRNA and their respective receptors is significantly more pronounced with advanced atherosclerotic lesions. AIMS We hypothesize that vascular atherosclerosis modulates NP release in vivo during progressive stages of(More)
Portopulmonary hypertension and hepatorenal syndrome are both severe local hypertensive complications of liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Both are characterized by vasoconstrictive manifestations regarding pulmonary and renal vascular network, respectively. This review addresses the mechanisms underlying the development of vasoconstriction that(More)
We describe the case of a 45-year-old woman who had drawn our attention for some recent episodes of transient global amnesia that, upon further examination, resulted from ischemic events caused by multiple arterial thrombosis (bilateral internal carotid occlusion, significant stenosis of the right external carotid, mild stenosis of the right vertebral(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) levels in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI) upon emergency department (ED) admission in order to assess the sensitivity of such a determination by comparison with common markers of myocardial necrosis. BACKGROUND Inflammatory markers are elevated(More)
Patients with advanced liver cirrhosis may develop a clinical syndrome characterized by a blunted contractile responsiveness to stress and/or altered diastolic relaxation, called "cirrhotic cardiomyopathy." This syndrome, which is initially asymptomatic, is often misdiagnosed due to the presence of symptoms that characterize other disorders present in(More)
A 45-year-old woman was referred to our department having suddenly developed, 9 months earlier, a pulsating mass on the right supraclavicular fossa and torticollis. Colour Doppler sonography and computed tomographic angiography showed the presence of an aneurysm (21 mm in diameter) of the suprascapular artery that had an anomalous origin from the subclavian(More)
The endothelium is now considered a real endocrine-paracrine organ, important not only as a structural barrier between the circulation and surrounding tissue, but also because it plays an essential role for local hemodynamics, releasing substances that modulate the vascular calibre and blood cell activation. Here, after a brief but detailed analysis of the(More)