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Mitochondrial dysfunction is one of the major intracellular lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the causative factors involved in the mitochondrial dysfunction in human AD are not well understood. Here we report that nonglycosylated full-length and C-terminal truncated amyloid precursor protein (APP) accumulates exclusively in the protein import(More)
The reactivation of latent tuberculosis (TB) is a major complication of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitors. Screening for TB infection is recommended before anti-TNF therapy is initiated; however, the use of tuberculin skin testing (TST) is controversial, due to the high rate of false-negative results in patients receiving immunosuppressive treatment.(More)
Protein kinase A (PKA) activation has been implicated in early-phase ischemic preconditioning. We recently found that during ischemia PKA activation causes inactivation of cytochrome-c oxidase (CcO) and contributes to myocardial damage due to ischemia-reperfusion. It may be that beta-adrenergic stimulation during ischemia via endogenous catecholamine(More)
CD8 T-cells contribute to control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, but little is known about the quality of the CD8 T-cell response in subjects with latent infection and in patients with active tuberculosis disease. CD8 T-cells recognizing epitopes from 6 different proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were detected by tetramer staining.(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection is characterized by loss of CD4+ T cells associated with high levels of immune activation, T-cell proliferation, and lymphocyte apoptosis. To investigate the role of intrinsic perturbations of cell-cycle control in the immunopathogenesis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), we studied the expression of(More)
CcO (cytochrome c oxidase) is a multisubunit bigenomic protein complex which catalyses the last step of the mitochondrial electron transport chain. The nuclear-encoded subunits are thought to have roles either in regulation or in the structural stability of the enzyme. Subunit Vb is a peripheral nuclear-encoded subunit of mammalian CcO that is dramatically(More)
We have mapped the sites of ischemia/reperfusion-induced phosphorylation of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) subunits in rabbit hearts by using a combination of Blue Native gel/Tricine gel electrophoresis and nano-LC-MS/MS approaches. We used precursor ion scanning combined with neutral loss scanning and found that mature CcO subunit I was phosphorylated at(More)
Th1 CD4(+) T cells and their derived cytokines are crucial for protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Using multiparametric flow cytometry, we have evaluated the distribution of seven distinct functional states (IFN-γ/IL-2/TNF-α triple expressors, IFN-γ/IL-2, IFN-γ/TNF-α or TNF-α/IL-2 double expressors or IFN-γ, IL-2 or TNF-α single expressors) of(More)
Dendritic spines are major sites of excitatory synaptic transmission and changes in their numbers and morphology have been associated with neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) is a secreted growth factor that influences hippocampal, striatal and neocortical pyramidal neuron dendritic spine density.(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces apoptosis in human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) during the early stages of infection. We investigated the proapoptotic role of cell wall-associated mycobacterial 19-kDa lipoprotein and the possible association between 19-kDa lipoprotein signaling and production of proinflammatory cytokines. Purified mycobacterial(More)