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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and redox state have emerged as physiological mediators, controlling blood coagulation and thrombosis. The redox balance is obviously linked to the presence of antioxidants; in particular, vitamin C appears to be a key modulator of platelet oxidative state, since these cells physiologically accumulate ascorbic acid and,(More)
Autosomal-recessive osteopetrosis is a severe genetic disease caused by osteoclast failure. Approximately 50% of the patients harbor mutations of the ATP6i gene, encoding for the osteoclast-specific a3 subunit of V-ATPase. We found inactivating ATP6i mutations in four patients, and three of these were novel. Patients shared macrocephaly, growth retardation(More)
The oxidative metabolic burst of mononuclear and polymorphonuclear phagocytes can be stimulated to produce free oxygen radicals. Several substances can enhance this respiratory burst activity by a priming action: recently growth hormone (rat and porcine) was demonstrated to act as a priming agent on rat peritoneal and on porcine alveolar macrophages. In our(More)
Anandamide (arachidonoylethanolamide, AnNH) is shown to activate human platelets, a process which was not inhibited by acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin). Unlike AnNH, hydroperoxides generated thereof by lipoxygenase activity, and the congener (13-hydroxy)linoleoylethanolamide, were unable to activate platelets, though they counteracted AnNH-mediated(More)
Fanconi's anemia (FA) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease which has been hypothesized to be defective in the detoxification of reactive oxygen species. In this work we report the results obtained by morphometric analyses on the red blood cells (RBCs) from FA patients and their parents. We found that a high rate of erythrocytes from both(More)
SIGNIFICANCE An imbalance between the production and the detoxification of reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) can be implicated in many pathological processes. Platelets are best known as primary mediators of hemostasis and can be either targets of ROS/RNS or generate radicals during cell activation. These conditions can(More)
In spite of very distinct genotypic assets, a number of congenital conditions include oxidative stress as a phenotypic hallmark. These disorders include Fanconi's anaemia, ataxia telangiectasia, xeroderma pigmentosum and Bloom's syndrome, as well as two frequent congenital conditions: Down's syndrome and cystic fibrosis. Cancer proneness is a clinical(More)
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a rare and often undiagnosed disease, at least in the western countries. It is characterized by an inflammatory acute febrile vasculitis of medium sized arteries with a propensity to damage the coronary arteries. It normally occurs in the early childhood and the diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms. During the progression of the(More)
The case of a two-month -old female infant, who after a severe diarrhoea treated with prolonged intravenous infusion in peripheral veins alternated with total parenteral feeding, developed a Candida albicans septicemia (accompanied by disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome) is reported. The course of her disease was also complicated by multiple(More)
Thromboembolic events, which are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, occur in beta-thalassaemia. We studied the expression of the platelet selectin PADGEM/GMP-140 on intact cells from thalassaemic patients, as a marker of in vivo platelet activation. The mean of positive cells (%) was 38.143 +/- 20.65 in the patients versus 5.048 +/- 1.8 in(More)