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Ninety-eight Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from Italian and Argentinean cheeses were evaluated for probiotic potential. After a preliminary subtractive screening based on the presence of msa and bsh genes, 27 strains were characterized. In general, the selected strains showed high resistance to lysozyme, good adaptation to simulated gastric(More)
The complete genomic sequence of the dairy Lactobacillus helveticus bacteriophage ΦAQ113 was determined. Phage ΦAQ113 is a Myoviridae bacteriophage with an isometric capsid and a contractile tail. The final assembled consensus sequence revealed a linear, circularly permuted, double-stranded DNA genome with a size of 36,566 bp and a G+C content of 37%.(More)
The application of a culture-independent approach, that of reverse transcriptase-length heterogeneity-PCR coupled with epifluorescence microscopy, allowed us to observe that Streptococcus thermophilus is metabolically active, but only partially cultivable in Grana Padano cheese whey starters. A short preincubation of the starters in sterile skimmed whey was(More)
UNLABELLED The diversity of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) species in donkey's milk was analysed by culture-dependent microbial techniques. Dominant strains were isolated on agar media generally used for enumerating LAB. To enrich the number of acidifying LAB present, the milk samples were incubated at 37°C for 24 h (cultured milk samples, CM). One of the CM(More)
Prophages account for most of the genetic diversity among strains of a given bacterial species, and represent a latent source for the generation of virulent phages. In this work, a set of 30 commercial, collection and dairy-isolated Lactobacillus casei group strains were used. A species-specific PCR assay allowed a reclassification, mainly of strains(More)
A PCR protocol for detection of Lactobacillus helveticus bacteriophages was optimized. PCR was designed taking into account the sequence of the lys gene of temperate bacteriophage Phi-0303 and optimized to obtain a fragment of 222 bp using different Lb. helveticus phages from our collection. PCR was applied to total phage DNA extracted from 53 natural whey(More)
AIMS Frequency of lysogeny in Lactobacillus delbrueckii strains (from commercial and natural starters) and preliminary characterization of temperate bacteriophages isolated from them. METHODS AND RESULTS Induction of strains (a total of 16) was made using mitomycin C (MC) (0.5 mug ml(-1)). For 37% of the MC-treated supernatants, it was possible to detect(More)
The study of wild strains from natural habitats is a useful means of understanding better the heterogeneity within a species of biotechnological importance, and of obtaining atypical isolates with unknown capabilities. In the present research carried out on different Lactobacillus helveticus strains isolated from natural cheese starters, it was observed(More)
Milk and dairy products play an important role in a healthy diet because of their high nutritional value, even if they represent a source of lipids and cholesterol. Nowadays, some commercially hypocholesterolemic products are available, which contain lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Therefore, the aims of this study were to test and compare the cholesterol(More)
The objective of this work was to investigate the occurrence of Enterococcus gilvus in cheese. For this purpose, a real-time PCR protocol using phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase (pheS) as a target gene was optimized to evaluate the presence and abundance of this microorganism in Italian artisan cheeses. The real-time assay unequivocally distinguished E. gilvus(More)