Domenica Saul

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Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is an aggressive malignancy of CD4(+) T cells caused by the human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1). The viral leukemogenesis is critically dependent on its oncoprotein Tax because the protein as well as the virus can immortalize primary human lymphocytes to permanent growth. As a transcriptional transactivator, Tax can(More)
Two sets of expression vectors were constructed that permitted the efficient expression of single-chain Fv fragments (scFvs) fused N-terminally to an enhanced mutant of the green fluorescent protein GFP+ or the red fluorescent protein DsRed in insect and mammalian cells. The vectors allowed rapid cloning of scFv fragments and secretion of the fusion(More)
Two trivalent constructs consisting of single-chain Fv antibody fragments (scFvs) specific for the interleukin-3 receptor alpha chain (CD123), CD33 and the Fcgamma-receptor III (CD16) were designed and characterized for the elimination of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) cells. The dual targeting single-chain Fv triplebody (sctb) [123 x ds16 x 33] and the mono(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegias are a group of inherited motor neuron diseases characterized by progressive paraparesis and spasticity. Mutations in the spastic paraplegia gene SPG11, encoding spatacsin, cause an autosomal-recessive disease trait; however, the precise knowledge about the role of spatacsin in neurons is very limited. We for the first time(More)
Alterations of cellular metabolism represent a hallmark of cancer. Numerous metabolic changes are required for malignant transformation, and they render malignant cells more prone to disturbances in the metabolic framework. Despite the high incidence of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), metabolism of CLL cells remains a relatively unexplored area. The(More)
To test the hypothesis that dual-targeting confers the novel ability of selective binding to antigen double-positive over antigen single-positive cells, a single-chain triplebody (sctb), HLA-ds16-hu19, was produced and characterized. The molecule carries three single-chain Fv (scFv) antibody fragments in a single polypeptide chain, the two distal ones(More)
A single-chain triplebody (sctb) 33-ds16-ds19 comprising two distal single-chain Fv fragments (scFvs) specific for the lymphoid antigen CD19 and the myeloid antigen CD33 flanking a central scFv specific for CD16, which is the low affinity Fc-receptor (FcγRIII) present on natural killer cells and macrophages, was produced and its properties were(More)
It is well established that the stromal niche exerts a protective effect on chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells, thereby also affecting their drug sensitivity. One hallmark of malignant cells is metabolic reprogramming, which is mostly represented by a glycolytic shift known as the Warburg effect. Because treatment resistance can be linked to metabolic(More)
A novel single-chain immunotoxin was constructed by combining a CD33-specific single chain Fv (scFv) antibody fragment with an engineered variant of Pseudomonas exotoxin A (ETA). The variant toxin carries the KDEL peptide at its C-terminus, a cellular peptide mediating improved retrograde transport to the endoplasmic reticulum. The purified recombinant(More)
To investigate the influence of N-linked oligosaccharides at asparagines-297 on the cytolytic potential of chimeric CD19 antibodies, three distinct variants were generated by production in different expression systems. The same chimeric CD19 antibody was produced in Sf21 insect cells, human 293 T cells, and 293 T cells expressing a co-transfected(More)