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BACKGROUND The effects of intensive glucose control on cardiovascular events in patients with long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus remain uncertain. METHODS We randomly assigned 1791 military veterans (mean age, 60.4 years) who had a suboptimal response to therapy for type 2 diabetes to receive either intensive or standard glucose control. Other(More)
BACKGROUND Deep-brain stimulation is the surgical procedure of choice for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. The globus pallidus interna and the subthalamic nucleus are accepted targets for this procedure. We compared 24-month outcomes for patients who had undergone bilateral stimulation of the globus pallidus interna (pallidal stimulation) or(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic repair of ventral incisional hernias has not been proved to be safer than open mesh repair. DESIGN Prospective randomized trial conducted between February 1, 2004, to January 31, 2007. SETTING Four Veterans Affairs medical centers. PARTICIPANTS One hundred sixty-two patients with ventral incisional hernias. INTERVENTIONS(More)
CONTEXT Many men with inguinal hernia have minimal symptoms. Whether deferring surgical repair is a safe and acceptable option has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE To compare pain and the physical component score (PCS) of the Short Form-36 Version 2 survey at 2 years in men with minimally symptomatic inguinal hernias treated with watchful waiting or surgical(More)
CONTEXT Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss has been treated with oral corticosteroids for more than 30 years. Recently, many patients' symptoms have been managed with intratympanic steroid therapy. No satisfactory comparative effectiveness study to support this practice exists. OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of oral vs intratympanic(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal pharmacologic means to restore and maintain sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation remains controversial. METHODS In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned 665 patients who were receiving anticoagulants and had persistent atrial fibrillation to receive amiodarone (267 patients), sotalol (261(More)
BACKGROUND Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate are used to treat osteoarthritis. The multicenter, double-blind, placebo- and celecoxib-controlled Glucosamine/chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial (GAIT) evaluated their efficacy and safety as a treatment for knee pain from osteoarthritis. METHODS We randomly assigned 1583 patients with symptomatic knee(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether sulfasalazine (SSZ) at a dosage of 2,000 mg/day is effective for the treatment of active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) resistant to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug therapy. METHODS Two hundred twenty-one patients with PsA were recruited from 15 clinics, randomized (double-blind) to SSZ or placebo treatment, and followed up(More)
BACKGROUND Transurethral resection of the prostate is the most common surgical treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia. We conducted a multicenter randomized trial to compare this surgery with watchful waiting in men with moderate symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia. METHODS Of 800 men over the age of 54 years who were screened between July 1986(More)
The appearance of incisional hernia after laparotomy closure continues to be an important postoperative complication. Advances in anesthesia techniques, adequate prevention and treatment of infection during surgery, and the use of new suture materials have reduced the incidence of incisional hernia. Nevertheless, incisional hernia still occurs in 0.5% to(More)