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Genetic programming (GP) is increasingly popular as a research tool for applications in finance and economics. One thread in this area is the use of GP to discover effective technical trading rules. In a seminal article, Allen & Karjalainen (1999) used GP to find rules that were profitable, but were nevertheless outperformed by the simple " buy and hold "(More)
—Genetic programming is now a common research tool in financial applications. One classic line of exploration is their use to find effective trading rules for individual stocks or for groups of stocks (such as an index). The classic work in this area (Allen & Karjaleinen, 99) found profitable rules, but which did not outperform a straightforward " buy and(More)
— Genetic programming (GP) is increasingly investigated in finance and economics. One area of study is its use to discover effective rules for technical trading in the context of a portfolio of equities (or an index). Early work in this area used GP to find rules that were profitable, but were nevertheless outperformed by the simple " buy and hold " (B&H)(More)
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