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The topographical organization of ipsilateral retinal projections was investigated in the pigmented quail using different anatomical tracing techniques. The orthograde labeling patterns were examined after intraocular injections of tritiated tracers (autoradiography), horseradish peroxidase (HRP) either alone or combined with wheat germ agglutinin (WGA),(More)
The retinofugal projections of 5 species (Acanthodactylus boskianus, Scincus scincus, Tarentola mauritanica, Uromastix acanthinurus and Zonosaurus ornatus) belonging to 5 different families of Type I and Type II lizards have been examined by means of the radioautographic method. In the 5 species the retinal ganglion cells project to the contralateral(More)
The distribution of serotonin(5HT)-immunoreactive cell bodies, nerve fibers and terminals was investigated by light microscopy in the lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis. Twenty-three distinct groups of 5HT neuronal somata were identified from diencephalic to rhombencephalic levels in the brain. The diencephalon contained a subependymal population of(More)
The distribution of GABA-immunoreactivity was studied in the brain of the silver eel (Anguilla anguilla) by means of antibodies directed against GABA. Immunoreactive neuronal somata were distributed throughout the brain. Positive perikarya were detected in the internal cellular layer of the olfactory bulb, and in all divisions of the telencephalon, the(More)
The efferent projections of the pigeon visual Wulst upon the diencephalon and mesencephalon were investigated using the autoradiographic technique following the combined injection of [3H] proline and [3H] leucine into the rostral hyperstriatum accessorium. Repeated measures of silver grain densities were performed bilaterally in different brain structures(More)
The published descriptions of ipsilateral visual pathways in non-eutherian species are reviewed. Such pathways exist in members of all vertebrate classes; since they exist in agnathans, it is suggested that the presence of ipsilateral visual projections is the ancestral condition. None of the published attempts to explain the considerable interspecific(More)
The occipital cortex, normally visual, can be activated by auditory or somatosensory tasks in the blind. This cross-modal compensation appears after early or late onset of blindness with differences in activation between early and late blind. This could support the hypothesis of a reorganization of sensory pathways in the early blind that does not occur in(More)
The present study examined GABA immunoreactivity within the retinopetal nucleus isthmo-opticus (NIO) of the pigeon centrifugal visual system (CVS) using light- (immunohistofluorescence, peroxidase anti-peroxidase: PAP) and electron- (postembedding GABA immunogold) microscopic techniques. In some double-labeling experiments, the retrograde transport of the(More)
Thin varicose centrifugal visual fibers, between 30-45 in number and displaying cGnRH-I immunoreactivity, were identified in Crocodylus niloticus. Approximately 80% of these fibers were also FMRF-amide-like immunoreactive. The cGnRH-I fibers extended from the preoptic region to the retina where they appeared to terminate in the external portion of the inner(More)