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BACKGROUND Transient elastometry (TE) is accurate for detecting significant liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-monoinfected patients. However, this procedure has been insufficiently validated in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HCV coinfection. The purpose of this study was to validate reported cutoff values of TE(More)
BACKGROUND Liver biopsy is an invasive technique with associated major complications. There is no information on the validity of five non-invasive indexes based on routinely available parameters, estimated and validated in hepatitis C virus (HCV) monoinfected patients, in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/HCV coinfected patients. AIM To validate these(More)
BACKGROUND Liver stiffness (LS) measured by transient elastometry is associated with portal pressure in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-monoinfected patients and could predict the presence of esophageal varices in these subjects. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of LS to predict esophageal varices requiring preventive therapy for bleeding in(More)
Prolonged physical exercise and fasting in male rats were studied to determine the effect of these two treatments on plasma testosterone level. Blood and tissue samples were drawn after 1 h, 3 h, 5 h, and 7 h treadmill running, and after 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h of fasting. Both treatments resulted in a significant fall in plasma testosterone, plasma(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Transient elastometry (TE) is accurate for detecting cirrhosis (F=4) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected patients. However, this procedure is less precise to differentiate mild (F < or = 1) from moderate to severe (F > or = 2) fibrosis using the cut-off value of 7.2kPa, a level previously proposed by(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide information about the incidence and predictors of liver decompensation and death due to liver failure in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with compensated hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis. METHODS Prospective cohort study of 154 HIV-HCV-coinfected patients with a new diagnosis of Child-Pugh-Turcotte (CPT)(More)
Previous studies have shown a decrease in plasma testosterone during prolonged physical exercise and 72 h fasting in rats. To determine whether this hormonal change has an influence upon energy metabolism, two experiments were carried out, in which the plasma levels of testosterone were elevated during prolonged physical exercise and fasting in male wistar(More)
BACKGROUND Haematological adverse events related to pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) therapy could affect the patients' quality of life; however, the risk factors for severe haematological toxicity associated with this therapy in patients coinfected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV are unclear. The objective of this study was to(More)
  • F. Canon, A. X. Bigard, D. Merino, F. Lienhard, C. Y. Guezennec
  • 1995
The use of chronic low frequency stimulations (CLFS, 10 Hz bipolar current 8 h · day−1) as a countermeasure against unweighting-induced muscle alterations was investigated in rat soleus muscle during 21 days of hindlimb suspension (HS). It was shown that CLFS was able to minimize the soleus muscle atrophy induced by suspension (−29% in stimulated muscles(More)