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BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to examine the association of Joint National Committee (JNC-V) blood pressure and National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) cholesterol categories with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, to incorporate them into coronary prediction algorithms, and to compare the discrimination properties of this approach with(More)
A pattern of left ventricular hypertrophy evident on the electrocardiogram is a harbinger of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease. Echocardiography permits the noninvasive determination of left ventricular mass and the examination of its role as a precursor of morbidity and mortality. We examined the relation of left ventricular mass to the(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) causes substantial morbidity. It is uncertain whether AF is associated with excess mortality independent of associated cardiac conditions and risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the mortality of subjects 55 to 94 years of age who developed AF during 40 years of follow-up of the original Framingham Heart Study(More)
BACKGROUND We attempted to characterize age-related changes in blood pressure in both normotensive and untreated hypertensive subjects in a population-based cohort from the original Framingham Heart Study and to infer underlying hemodynamic mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 2036 participants were divided into four groups according to their(More)
Hypertension is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Efforts to identify hypertension genes have focused on 3 approaches: mendelian disorders, candidate genes, and genome-wide scans. Thus far, these efforts have not identified genes that contribute substantively to overall blood pressure (BP) variation in the community. A 10-centiMorgan (cM) density(More)
BACKGROUND Although heart rate variability (HRV) is altered in a variety of pathological conditions, the association of reduced HRV with risk for new cardiac events has not been studied in a large community-based population. METHODS AND RESULTS The first 2 hours of ambulatory ECG recordings obtained on subjects of the Framingham Heart Study who were free(More)
BACKGROUND Information is limited regarding the absolute and relative risk of cardiovascular disease in persons with high-normal blood pressure (systolic pressure of 130 to 139 mm Hg, diastolic pressure of 85 to 89 mm Hg, or both). METHODS We investigated the association between blood-pressure category at base line and the incidence of cardiovascular(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common of the serious cardiac rhythm disturbances and is responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality in the general population. Its prevalence doubles with each advancing decade of age, from 0.5% at age 50-59 years to almost 9% at age 80-89 years. It is also becoming more prevalent, increasing in men aged 65-84(More)
Total cholesterol level is significantly related to risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), adjusting for other risk factors in women 50 to 79 years old and in men aged 50 to 64 years, at P < .001. Determining the levels of lipoproteins such as low-density-lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high-density-lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol improves the prediction of(More)
BACKGROUND Despite much recent interest in quantification of heart rate variability (HRV), the prognostic value of conventional measures of HRV and of newer indices based on nonlinear dynamics is not universally accepted. METHODS AND RESULTS We have designed algorithms for analyzing ambulatory ECG recordings and measuring HRV without human intervention,(More)