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Transgenic (Tg) mice expressing both Syrian hamster (Ha) and mouse (Mo) prion protein (PrP) genes were used to probe the mechanism of scrapie prion replication. Four Tg lines expressing HaPrP exhibited distinct incubation times ranging from 48 to 277 days, which correlated inversely with HaPrP mRNA and HaPrPC. Bioassays of Tg brain extracts showed that the(More)
Three transgenic mouse lines designated Tg 69, 71, and 81 were produced harboring a Syrian hamster (Ha) prion protein (PrP) gene; all expressed the cellular HaPrP isoform in their brains. Inoculation of Tg 81 mice or hamsters with Ha prions caused scrapie in integral of 75 days; nontransgenic control mice failed to develop scrapie after greater than 500(More)
Scrapie is characterized by the accumulation of a protease-resistant isoform of the prion protein PrPSc. Limited proteolysis and chaotropes were used to map the distribution of PrPSc in cryostat sections of scrapie-infected brain blotted onto nitrocellulose membranes, designated histoblots. Proteolysis was omitted in order to map the cellular isoform of the(More)
The cellular prion protein (PrPC) is a sialoglycoprotein anchored to the external surface of cells by a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol moiety. During scrapie, an abnormal PrP isoform designated PrPSc accumulates, and much evidence argues that it is a major and necessary component of the infectious prion. Based on the resistance of native PrPSc to proteolysis(More)
Scrapie prions are composed largely, if not entirely, of the scrapie prion protein (PrPSc) that is encoded by a chromosomal gene. Scrapie-infected mouse neuroblastoma (ScN2a) and hamster brain (ScHaB) cells synthesize PrPSc from the normal PrP isoform (PrPC) or a precursor through a posttranslational process. In pulse-chase radiolabeling experiments, we(More)
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a transmissible neurodegenerative disease. Six brain regions from 11 cattle were examined for the presence of the abnormal isoform of the prion protein (PrPBSE). The highest concentrations of PrPBSE were found in the brain stem, where the greatest degree of spongiform change was observed. Molecular cloning of the(More)
The cellular prion protein (PrPc) is a host-encoded sialoglycoprotein bound to the external surface of the cell membrane by a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol anchor. A posttranslationally modified PrP isoform (PrPSc) is a component of the infectious particle causing scrapie and the other prion diseases. mAb have been raised against the protease-resistant core(More)
Infectious scrapie prions are composed largely, if not entirely, of an abnormal isoform of the prion protein (PrP) designated PrPSc. In scrapie-infected mouse neuroblastoma (ScN2a) and hamster brain (ScHaB) cells, PrPSc accumulates primarily within the cell cytoplasm, whereas cellular PrP (PrPC) is anchored to the external surface of the plasma membrane by(More)
The scrapie and cellular isoforms of the prion protein (PrPSc and PrPC) differ strikingly in a number of their biochemical and metabolic properties. The structural features underlying these differences are unknown, but they are thought to result from a posttranslational process. Both PrP isoforms contain complex type oligosaccharides, raising the(More)
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS) is a familial neurological disorder pathologically characterized by amyloid deposition in the cerebrum and cerebellum. In GSS, the amyloid is immunoreactive to antisera raised against the prion protein (PrP) 27-30, a proteinase K-resistant peptide of 27-30 kDa that is derived by limited proteolysis from an(More)