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Large-conductance, calcium- and voltage-gated potassium (BK) channels play an important role in cellular excitability by controlling membrane potential and calcium influx. The stress axis regulated exon (STREX) at splice site 2 inverts BK channel regulation by protein kinase A (PKA) from stimulatory to inhibitory. Here we show that palmitoylation of STREX(More)
BACKGROUND Ca2+ leak from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) may play an important role in triggering and/or maintaining atrial arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation (AF). Protein kinase A (PKA) hyperphosphorylation of the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) resulting in dissociation of the channel-stabilizing subunit calstabin2 (FK506-binding protein or(More)
AIMS Phosphatase inhibitor-1 (I-1) is a conditional amplifier of beta-adrenergic signalling downstream of protein kinase A by inhibiting type-1 phosphatases only in its PKA-phosphorylated form. I-1 is downregulated in failing hearts and thus contributes to beta-adrenergic desensitization. It is unclear whether this should be viewed as a predominantly(More)
OBJECTIVE In chronic atrial fibrillation (cAF) the potassium current IK,ACh develops agonist-independent constitutive activity. We hypothesized that abnormal phosphorylation-dependent regulation underlies the constitutive IK,ACh activity. METHODS We used voltage-clamp technique and biochemical assays to study IK,ACh regulation in atrial appendages from 61(More)
Amiodarone was developed in the early 1960s based on extracts from the Khella plant and was initially used as a coronary dilator for the treatment of angina pectoris (Singh 2008). In 1970, Singh and Vaughan Williams discovered that amiodarone also directly affected myocardial tissue, prolonging the cardiac action potential and protecting against(More)
We examined the involvement of voltage-activated Ca2+ channels (VACCs) on K+(50 mM)-evoked [3H]dopamine ([3H]DA) release from superfused rat striatal slices. Neither nifedipine nor nitrendipine modified K(+)-evoked [3H]DA release, indicating that L-type VACCs are not involved. K(+)-evoked [3H]DA release was partially inhibited by omega-CTx-GVIA and(More)
1. The putative inhibitory effects of verapamil and diltiazem on neuronal non-L-type Ca2+ channels were studied by investigating their effects on either K+- or veratridine-evoked [3H]-dopamine ([3H]-DA) release in rat striatal slices. Involvement of N-, P- and Q-type channels was identified by sensitivity of [3H]-DA release to omega-conotoxin GVIA(More)
The present study explored the role of different sub-types of voltage-activated Ca2+ channels (VACCs) in mediating veratridine-evoked [3H]dopamine (DA) release from rat striatal slices. The release of [3H]DA evoked by veratridine (25 microM) decreased by 50.6+/-2.9% (n=8) in the absence of calcium and was completely abolished by 1 microM tetrodotoxin. The(More)
AIMS Patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) often present with typical angina pectoris and mildly elevated levels of cardiac troponin (non ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) during an arrhythmic event. However, in a large proportion of these patients, significant coronary artery disease is excluded by coronary angiography. Here we(More)