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The three-dimensional (3D) structure of the hyperthermophilic esterase EstE1 was constructed by homology modeling using Archaeoglobus fulgidus esterase as a reference, and the thermostability-structure relationship was analyzed. Our results verified the predicted 3D structure of EstE1 and identified the ion pair networks and hydrophobic interactions that(More)
OBJECTIVES Nardostachys jatamansi belonging to the family Valerianaceae has been used as a remedy for stomach and skin ailments in Korea. The effect of N. jatamansi on acute pancreatitis (AP) has not been defined. Therefore, we investigated the effect of N. jatamansi on cerulein-induced AP. METHODS In the pretreatment group, N. jatamansi was administered(More)
AIM To investigate the effect of Gardenia jasminoides (GJ) on cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis (AP) in mice. METHODS C57BL/6 mice weighing 18-20 g were divided into three groups. (1) Normal saline-treated group, (2) treatment with GJ at a dose of 0.1 g/kg, (3) treatment with GJ at a dose of 1 g/kg. GJ was administered orally (n = 6 per group) for 1 wk.(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) plays an important role in the regulation of apoptosis. However, the role of GSK-3 in the auditory system remains unknown. Here we examined whether the GSK-3-specific inhibitors, SB 216763 and LiCl, could protect against cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity of auditory cells. GSK-3 was activated by cisplatin treatment of HEI-OC1(More)
As an enhancement of cellular networks, the future-generation 5G network can be considered an ultra-high-speed technology. The proposed 5G network might include all types of advanced dominant technologies to provide remarkable services. Consequently, new architectures and service management schemes for different applications of the emerging technologies(More)
In self-organizing mobile ad-hoc networks with multi-interface and multi-channel (MIMC), nodes need to rendezvous on a channel using any interface, when there is neither a dedicated channel nor a common control channel. To design such mission-critical combat networks that are alike cognitive radio networks, we modified the existing IEEE 802.11 MAC protocol(More)
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