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UNLABELLED The recent advances in molecular imaging techniques, using cancer-targeting nanoparticle probes, provide noninvasive tracking information on cancer cells in living subjects. Here, we report a multimodal cancer-targeted imaging system capable of concurrent fluorescence imaging, radionuclide imaging, and MRI in vivo. METHODS A cobalt-ferrite(More)
Recent advances in efficient microRNA (miRNA) delivery techniques using brain-targeted nanoparticles offer critical information for understanding the functional role of miRNAs in vivo, and for supporting targeted gene therapy in terms of treating miRNA-associated neurological diseases. Here, we report the rabies virus glycoprotein (RVG)-labeled non-toxic(More)
MOTIVATION Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are spherical bilayered proteolipids, harboring various bioactive molecules. Due to the complexity of the vesicular nomenclatures and components, online searches for EV-related publications and vesicular components are currently challenging. RESULTS We present an improved version of EVpedia, a public database for(More)
PURPOSE Facilitation of the ability of neuronal lineages derived from transplanted stem cells to differentiate is essential to improve the low efficacy of neuronal differentiation in stem cell therapy in vivo. Neurogenin 1 (Ngn1), a basic helix-loop-helix factor, has been used as an activator of neuronal differentiation. In this study, we monitored the in(More)
UNLABELLED MicroRNAs (miRNAs) function in mammalian cells via translational repression or messenger RNA (mRNA) cleavage of target genes by base-pairing with 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of target mRNAs. Although miRNAs are involved in cell differentiation or organ development, posttranscritptional regulation of miRNA is not well understood. Here, we(More)
The work demonstrated the successful delivery of gene to mouse brain overcoming the blood-brain barrier (BBB) through expedient vector construct having RVG peptide as targeting ligand for neuronal cells. The newly developed delivery vector was designed to impart bioreducibility for greater intracellular pDNA release, higher serum stability and efficient(More)
UNLABELLED Nanomaterials have been widely evaluated for potential use as efficient delivery carriers for cancer diagnosis and therapy. To translate these nanomaterials to the clinic, their safety needs to be verified, particularly in terms of genotoxicity and cytotoxicity. We investigated changes in gene expression profiles influenced by silica-coated(More)
BACKGROUND The main cause of death in medulloblastoma is recurrence associated with leptomeningeal dissemination. During this process, the role of microRNAs (miRs) in the acquisition of metastatic phenotype remains poorly understood. This study aimed to identify the miR involved in leptomeningeal dissemination and to elucidate its biological functional(More)
Combinational therapies using genes and drugs are promising therapeutic strategies for various diseases. In this research, a co-delivery carrier of dexamethasone and plasmid DNA (pDNA) was developed by conjugation of dexamethasone to polyethylenimine (2 kDa, PEI2k) for combinational therapy of ischemic brain. Dynamic light scattering, atomic force(More)
Generally, the 3'-end of the duplex microRNA (miR) precursor (pre-miR) is known to be stable in vivo and serve as a mature form of miR. However, both the 3'-end (miR9) and 5'-end (miR9*) of a brain-specific miR9 have been shown to function biologically in brain development. In this study, real-time PCR analysis and in vitro/in vivo bioluminescent imaging(More)