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this paper presents a new scheme for hiding a secret message in binary images. Given m×n cover image block, the new scheme can conceal as many as ⌊ ⌋ bits of data in block, by changing at most one bit in the block. The hiding ability of the new scheme is the same as Chang et al.'s scheme and higher than Tseng et al.'s scheme. Additionally, the security of(More)
—Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is an emerging technique with a wide spectrum of potential applications in data analysis. Mathematically, NMF can be formulated as a minimization problem with nonnegative constraints. This problem is currently attracting much attention from researchers for theoretical reasons and for potential applications. Currently,(More)
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