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Homopolymers or peptides containing a high percentage of cationic amino acids have been shown to have a unique ability to cross the plasma membrane of cells, and consequently have been used to facilitate the uptake of a variety of biopolymers and small molecules. To investigate whether the polycationic character of these molecules, or some other structural(More)
In an effort to study the development of diabetes in NOD mice, our laboratory developed a novel adoptive transfer model using NOD-scid/scid (NOD-scid) mice as recipients of islet-infiltrating lymphocytes from donor prediabetic female NOD mice. We first confirmed previous results that demonstrated that splenocytes of diabetic and prediabetic female NOD mice(More)
Protection against most intracellular pathogens requires T cells that recognize pathogen-derived peptides in association with MHC class I molecules on the surface of infected cells. However, because exogenous proteins do not ordinarily enter the cytosol and access the MHC class I-processing pathway, protein-based vaccines that induce class I-restricted CTL(More)
Activation of T cell hybridomas in vitro induces rapid Fas-Fas ligand (FasL)-mediated programmed cell death (apoptosis). In contrast, T cells activated by antigen or superantigen in vivo undergo a population expansion and then decline due to Fas-FasL-mediated activation-induced apoptosis (AIA). We asked how T cells activated by antigen in vivo proliferated(More)
(B6 X A)F1 mice were immunized with sperm whale myoglobin, and T cell clones and hybridomas were generated. Hybridoma 74a.e9 was specific for the sperm whale myoglobin 67-79 peptide and could be partially activated by a peptide analogue, equine myoglobin with a natural 74G substitution. Using this hybridoma in T cell activation assays, we studied the(More)
Previous experiments in our laboratory have demonstrated that there is a marked restriction on the TCR beta-chain usage in DBA/2 mice in response to the sperm whale myoglobin (SpWMb) determinant 110-121, predominated by the use of the V beta 8.2 gene element. We analyzed the response of mice that had been genetically depleted of V beta 8+ T cells by(More)
The XFEL project in Pohang Accelerator Laboratory (PAL) requires low beam-emittance, ultra-short bunch length, high peak current, high stability of beam energy, and measurement and steering of beam trajectory within micrometers. Therefore, beam diagnostics for the selfamplified stimulated emission (SASE) XFEL should be, focused on attaining femto-second(More)
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