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The L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) is an Na(+)-independent neutral amino acid transporter subserving the amino acid transport system L. Because of its broad substrate selectivity, system L has been proposed to be responsible for the permeation of amino acid-related drugs through the plasma membrane. To understand the mechanisms of substrate(More)
We report the fabrication and characterization of antifouling polymer-coated magnetic nanoparticles as nanoprobes for magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agents. Magnetite superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) were coated with the protein- or cell-resistant polymer, poly(TMSMA-r-PEGMA), to generate stable, protein-resistant MR probes. Coated(More)
This study was performed to elucidate the possible involvement of organic anion transporter 3 (OAT3) in cephaloridine (CER)-induced nephrotoxicity and compare the substrate specificity between rOAT3 and rat OAT1 (rOAT1) for various cephalosporin antibiotics, using proximal tubule cells stably expressing rOAT3 (S2 rOAT3) and rOAT1 (S2 rOAT1). S2 rOAT3(More)
UNLABELLED The liver plays an important role in the elimination of endogenous and exogenous lipophilic organic compounds from the body, which is mediated by various carrier proteins that differ in substrate specificity and kinetic properties. Here, we have characterized a novel member of the organic anion transporter family (SLC22) isolated from human(More)
A novel transport protein with the properties of voltage-driven organic anion transport was isolated from pig kidney cortex by expression cloning in Xenopus laevis oocytes. A cDNA library was constructed from size-fractionated poly(A)+ RNA and screened for p-aminohippurate (PAH) transport in high potassium medium. A 1856-base pair cDNA encoding a 467-amino(More)
In this study, we investigated the protective effects of rosmarinic acid (RA) on H(2)O(2)-induced neurotoxicity in human dopaminergic cell line, SH-SY5Y. Results showed that RA significantly attenuated H(2)O(2)-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and apoptotic cell death. Rosmarinic acid effectively suppressed the up-regulation of Bax and(More)
We identified a novel Na(+)-independent acidic amino acid transporter designated AGT1 (aspartate/glutamate transporter 1). AGT1 exhibits the highest sequence similarity (48% identity) to the Na(+)-independent small neutral amino acid transporter Asc (asc-type amino acid transporter)-2 a member of the heterodimeric amino acid transporter family presumed to(More)
The system L-amino acid transporter is a major nutrient transport system that is responsible for Na+-independent transport of neutral amino acids including several essential amino acids. We have compared and examined the expressions and functions of the system L-amino acid transporters in both rat astrocyte cultures and C6 glioma cells. The rat astrocyte(More)
A cDNA that encodes a novel Na+-independent neutral amino acid transporter was isolated from FLC4 human hepatocarcinoma cells by expression cloning. When expressed in Xenopus oocytes, the encoded protein designated LAT3 (L-type amino acid transporter 3) transported neutral amino acids such as l-leucine, l-isoleucine, l-valine, and l-phenylalanine. The(More)
System L is a major nutrient transport system responsible for the Na(+)-independent transport of large neutral amino acids including several essential amino acids. In malignant tumors, a system L transporter L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) is up-regulated to support tumor cell growth. LAT1 is also essential for the permeation of amino acids and amino(More)