Learn More
In this paper, we consider the dynamics of a global supply chain network economy in the presence of risk and uncertainty in which distinct speeds of adjustment are included. We assume three tiers of decision-makers: manufacturers, distributors, and retailers, who acquire the product in order to satisfy the demand at the demand markets. The manufacturers ,(More)
We study an incremental network design problem, where in each time period of the planning horizon an arc can be added to the network and a maximum flow problem is solved, and where the objective is to maximize the cumulative flow over the entire planning horizon. After presenting two mixed integer programming (MIP) formulations for this NP-complete problem,(More)
A supply chain network perspective for electric power production, supply, transmission , and consumption is developed. The model is sufficiently general to handle the behavior of the various decision-makers, who operate in a decentralized manner and include power generators, power suppliers, the transmitters, as well as the consumers associated with the(More)
As shown in [Rudd and Schroeder, 1982], the problem of margining option portfolios where option spreads with two legs are used for offsetting can be solved in polynomial time by network flow algorithms. However, spreads with only two legs do not provide sufficient accuracy in measuring risk. Therefore, margining practice also employs spreads with three and(More)