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A heteroxylan was isolated from Eucalyptus globulus wood by extraction of peracetic acid delignified holocellulose with dimethyl sulfoxide. Besides (1-->4)-linked beta-D-xylopyranosyl units of the backbone and short side chains of terminal (1-->2)-linked 4-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucuronosyl residues (MeGlcA) in a 1:10 molar ratio, this hemicellulose contained(More)
Wheat straw was submitted to a pre-treatment by the basidiomycetous fungi Euc-1 and Irpex lacteus, aiming to improve the accessibility of cellulose towards enzymatic hydrolysis via previous selective bio-delignification. This allowed the increase of substrate saccharification nearly four and three times while applying the basidiomycetes Euc-1 and I.(More)
Ultrahigh hydrostatic pressure (UHP) was applied to enhance the enzymatic hydrolysis of xylan in cellulosic fibers. The pretreatment improved xylan accessibility in the fiber cell wall and a 5-10-fold increase in the initial hydrolysis rate of xylan by xylanase was observed when Eucalyptus globulus kraft bleached pulp was pretreated at hydrostatic pressures(More)
The effects of oxygen (O), ozone (Z) and hydrogen peroxide (P) bleaching stages on the composition and total amount of Eucalyptus globulus kraft pulp lipophilic extractives was studied. These bleaching stages led to the partial removal and to several oxidative transformations of fatty acids and sterols, the main lipophilic extractives found in the(More)
Acetylated neutral (Xyl(n)Ac(m)) and acidic xylo-oligosaccharides (Xyl(n)Ac(m)MeGlcA, and Xyl(n)Ac(m)MeGlcAHex) obtained by partial acid hydrolysis of Eucalyptus globulus wood glucuronoxylans and fractionated by preparative ligand exchange/size-exclusion chromatography were identified by electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Low molecular(More)
Milled wood lignin (MWL) and dioxane lignin (DL) from different morphological regions (nodes and internodes) of Arundo donax reed were subjected to a comprehensive structural characterization by (13)C, (1)H NMR, FTIR, and UV spectroscopies and functional analysis. The permanganate and nitrobenzene oxidation methods were also applied to the in situ lignins.(More)
The fermentation of reducing sugars from hardwood (eucalypt) spent sulphite liquor (HSSL) into ethanol by Pichia (Scheffersomyces) stipitis is hindered by concomitant inhibitors of microbial metabolism. The conditions for the HSSL biological treatment step by Paecilomyces variotii were evaluated and optimised. Two different strategies of reactor operation(More)
The hydroxyl radicals are widely implicated in oxidation of carbohydrates during biological and industrial processes being responsible for their structural modifications and causing functional damage. The identification of intermediate oxidation products is hampered by a lack of reliable sensible methods for their detection. In this study, the oxidation of(More)
The heteroxylan from the hybrid Paulownia elongata/Paulownia fortunei is an O-acetyl-(4-O-methylglucurono)xylan with an acetylation degree (DS) of 0.59 and a molecular weight (M(w)) of 29 kDa. The heteroxylan backbone is composed by (1-->4)-linked beta-d-xylopyranosyl units (Xylp) partially ramified with terminal (1-->2)-linked(More)
The main structural polysaccharides of grape stalks are cellulose, heteroxylan, and glucan. Cellulose contributes 30.3% of grape stalk matter and has an unusually high degree of the crystallinity (75.4%). Among hemicelluloses, xylan was the most abundant one, contributing ∼12% to the weight. The heteroxylan was isolated from the corresponding peracetic(More)