Dmitry Shinder

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Stress and stress related hormones such as glucocorticoids inhibit lactation in cows. In the present study we propose a novel mechanism connecting stress with plasminogen-plasmin system (PPS) (an enzymatic mechanism in milk, which leads to the breakdown of the major milk protein casein). We show that stress activates the PPS leading to an increase in(More)
We studied the balance of Na+, K+, Cl-, and water in six high yielding (> 39 kg/d of milk) cows between wk 2 to 1 prepartum and at 2 and 7 wk postpartum during winter in Israel. Cows were fed complete diets; Na+ and Cl- contents exceeded dietary recommendations, and K+ content was equal to dietary recommendations. Milk yield was related positively and(More)
Three series of experiments were conducted with fast-growing chickens in order: to evaluate the effects of dietary Ca and P on cholecalciferol metabolism and expression; to determine dietary Ca requirements; to determine dietary P requirements. The results of the first series confirmed previous results on the effects of dietary Ca and P on some variables of(More)
Leptin, the key regulator of mammalian energy balance, has been at the center of a great controversy in avian biology for the last 15 years since initial reports of a putative leptin gene (LEP) in chickens. Here, we characterize a novel LEP in rock dove (Columba livia) with low similarity of the predicted protein sequence (30% identity, 47% similarity) to(More)
The lack of affordable techniques for gene transfer in birds has inhibited the advancement of molecular studies in avian species. Here we demonstrate a new approach for introducing genes into chicken somatic tissues by administration of a lentiviral vector, derived from the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), into the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of(More)
Agonists of membranal melanocortin 3 and 4 receptors (MC3/4Rs) are known to take part in the complex control mechanism of energy balance. In this study, we compared the physiological response to an exogenous MC3/4R agonist and the hypothalamic expression of proopic melanocortin (POMC) gene, encoding few MC3/4R ligands, between broiler and layer chicken(More)
In suckling rats prematurely weaned on the 15th, 17th, 19th or 21st day of life, the body weight and the weight of small intestine were studied as well as the activity of enteral sucrase and lactase. A delay in the gain of body weight and small intestine weight was the greater the earlier the sucklings had been weaned. The sucrase activity did not depend on(More)
In suckling rats whose mothers had had an immobilisation stress or been injected HC and T4 at the last day of their pregnancy, the sucrase induction decreased in the small intestine, if the HC was injected on the 10th day of life. The hormone injection to 1-day suckling rats did not affect the induction. These effects seem to be exerted not by the direct(More)