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Expression of the neuronal alpha(3) isoform of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase (alpha(3) Na(+),K(+)-ATPase) was studied in the rat peripheral nervous system using histological and immunohistochemical techniques. Non-uniform expression of the alpha(3) Na(+),K(+)-ATPase was observed in L5 ventral and dorsal roots, dorsal root ganglion, sciatic nerve and its branches(More)
The triggers and pathogenesis of peripheral diabetic neuropathy are poorly understood, and this study evaluated the role of insulinopenia in nociceptive abnormalities in the streptozotocin (STZ) rat model of diabetes to test the hypothesis that, in addition to hyperglycemia, impairment of insulin signaling may be involved in progression of neuropathy. We(More)
Peripheral neuropathy, and specifically distal peripheral neuropathy (DPN), is one of the most frequent and troublesome complications of diabetes mellitus. It is the major reason for morbidity and mortality among diabetic patients. It is also frequently associated with debilitating pain. Unfortunately, our knowledge of the natural history and pathogenesis(More)
A modified von Frey filament test and an algesiometer paw pressure test were used to measure mechanical nociceptive withdrawal thresholds of the hind limb of control rats and rats injected with streptozotocin (STZ, 50 mg/kg). STZ treatment induced hyperglycemia (HG rats) in about 40% of treated animals. The rest of the STZ-treated and control rats remained(More)
The alpha(3) isoform of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase is uniquely expressed in afferent and efferent neurons innervating muscle spindles in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) of adult rats, but the distribution pattern of this isoform in other species has not been investigated. We compared expression of alpha(3) Na(+),K(+)-ATPase in lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRG),(More)
Ambulatory instability and falls are a major source of morbidity in the elderly. Age-related loss of tendon reflexes is a major contributing factor to this morbidity, and deterioration of the afferent limb of the stretch reflex is a potential contributing factor to such age-dependent loss of tendon reflexes. To evaluate this, we assessed the number and(More)
Mechanical hyperalgesia is an early symptom of diabetic neuropathy. To evaluate the mechanisms underlying this symptom, it was studied and compared in rat models of systemic and local hyperglycemia. Systemic hyperglycemia was induced by a single injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 50 mg/kg). Local hyperglycemia either in L(5) dorsal root ganglion (DRG) or a(More)
To assess the relative roles of insulinopenia, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia in pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy, we compared plasma insulin, glucose and lipid metabolism and peripheral nerve function in rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced overt and moderate insulinopenia (hyperglycemic, STZ-HG; random glucose>11 mM and normoglycemic, STZ-NG rats).(More)
It is widely appreciated that there is significant inter-individual variability in pain sensitivity, yet only a handful of contributing genetic variants have been identified. Computational genetic mapping and quantitative trait locus analysis suggested that variation within the gene coding for the beta3 subunit of the Na+,K+-ATPase pump (Atp1b3) contributes(More)