Dmitry L. Aminin

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Frondoside A, a major triterpene glycoside from North Atlantic commercially harvested sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa, possesses strong immunomodulatory properties in subtoxic doses. Frondoside A stimulates lysosomal activity of mouse macrophages in vivo at a maximal effective stimulatory dose of 0.2 microg per mouse and is maintained over 10 days. This(More)
Nine new triterpene glycosides, erylosides F1-F4 (1-4), M (5), N (6), O (7), P (8), and Q (9), along with previously known erylosides F (10) and H (11) were isolated from the sponge Erylus formosus collected from the Mexican Gulf (Puerto Morelos, Mexico). Structures of 1-4 were determined as the corresponding biosides having aglycons related to penasterol(More)
The rolB (for rooting locus of Agrobacterium rhizogenes) oncogene has previously been identified as a key player in the formation of hairy roots during the plant-A. rhizogenes interaction. In this study, using single-cell assays based on confocal microscopy, we demonstrated reduced levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in rolB-expressing Rubia cordifolia,(More)
In non-cytotoxic concentrations, frondoside A (1) from the sea cucumber Cucumaria okhotensis and cucumarioside A2-2 (2) from C. japonica, as well as their complexes with cholesterol block the activity of membrane transport P-glycoprotein in cells of the ascite form of mouse Ehrlich carcinoma. They prevent in this way an efflux of fluorescent probe Calcein(More)
BACKGROUND The cytotoxic activity of sea cucumber glycosides against different types of cells and cell lines, including human tumor cell lines, has been studied for many years. However, the molecular mechanism(s) of the antitumor action of triterpene glycosides on cancer cells remain unclear. This article reports a continuation of investigations of(More)
It is known that expression of the Agrobacterium rhizogenes rolC gene in transformed plant cells causes defense-like reactions, such as increased phytoalexin production and expression of pathogenesis-related proteins. In the present study, we examined whether this phenomenon is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS).(More)
The medical lead, so-called Cumaside, was created on the basis of triterpene oligoglycosides from the Far-Eastern edible sea cucumber (holothurian) Cucumaria japonica and its immunomodulatory properties were studied. The haemolytic activity of Cumaside was significantly reduced in comparison with original glycosides due to the glycoside-cholesterol complex(More)
Urupocidins A and B (1 and 2), bisguanidine alkaloids with an unprecedented skeleton system, derived from polyketide precursors and containing an unusual N-alkyl-N-hydroxyguanidine moiety, have been isolated from the sponge Monanhora pulchra. The structures of 1 and 2, including absolute configuration, were established using the detailed analysis of 1D and(More)
Triterpene glycosides are characteristic secondary metabolites of sea cucumbers (Holothurioidea, Echinodermata). They have hemolytic, cytotoxic, antifungal, and other biological activities caused by membranotropic action. These natural products suppress the proliferation of various human tumor cell lines in vitro and, more importantly, intraperitoneal(More)
New steroidal oligoglycosides mycalosides B-I (2-9) have been isolated from the polar extract of the Caribbean sponge Mycale laxissima, and their structures have been elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR ((1)H, (13)C, DEPT, COSY-45, COSY-RCT, HSQC, HMBC, and NOESY spectra) and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Mycalosides B (2) and C (3) were shown to be 27- and 28-nor(More)