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The rolB (for rooting locus of Agrobacterium rhizogenes) oncogene has previously been identified as a key player in the formation of hairy roots during the plant-A. rhizogenes interaction. In this study, using single-cell assays based on confocal microscopy, we demonstrated reduced levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in rolB-expressing Rubia cordifolia,(More)
Microbe-plant interactions often lead to a decrease in the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level of plant cells, which allows pathogen survival through the suppression of plant immune responses. In the present investigation, we tested whether transformation of Rubia cordifolia cells by Agrobacterium rhizogenes had a similar effect. We isolated partial cDNA(More)
The medical lead, so-called Cumaside, was created on the basis of triterpene oligoglycosides from the Far-Eastern edible sea cucumber (holothurian) Cucumaria japonica and its immunomodulatory properties were studied. The haemolytic activity of Cumaside was significantly reduced in comparison with original glycosides due to the glycoside-cholesterol complex(More)
A new immunomodulatory lead Cumaside that is a complex of monosulfated triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Cucumaria japonica and cholesterol possesses significantly less cytotoxic activity against sea urchin embryos and Ehrlich carcinoma cells than the corresponding glycosides. Nevertheless Cumaside has an antitumor activity against different forms(More)
Sapogenins from the starfish Asterias amurensis and Lethasterias nanimensis chelifera, 5 alpha-pregn-9(11)-ene-3 beta,6 alpha-diol-20-one, 5 alpha-cholest-9(11)-ene-3 beta,6 alpha-diol-23-one, 5 alpha-cholesta-9(11),24(25)-diene-3 beta,6 alpha-diol-23-one, (20E)-5 alpha-cholesta-9(11),20(22)-diene-3 beta,6 alpha-diol-23-one and 24 zeta-methyl-5(More)
It is known that expression of the Agrobacterium rhizogenes rolC gene in transformed plant cells causes defense-like reactions, such as increased phytoalexin production and expression of pathogenesis-related proteins. In the present study, we examined whether this phenomenon is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS).(More)
The distribution of triterpene glycoside cucumarioside A₂-2, the main compound of medical lead Cumaside in immunodeficiency diseases, in mouse spleen was determined. For this purpose the stability and dynamics of glycoside content changes over time in Balb/c mouse spleen tissue homogenate as well as the study of the cucumarioside A2-2 spatial distribution(More)
Nine new triterpene glycosides, erylosides F1-F4 (1-4), M (5), N (6), O (7), P (8), and Q (9), along with previously known erylosides F (10) and H (11) were isolated from the sponge Erylus formosus collected from the Mexican Gulf (Puerto Morelos, Mexico). Structures of 1-4 were determined as the corresponding biosides having aglycons related to penasterol(More)
Frondoside A, a major triterpene glycoside from North Atlantic commercially harvested sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa, possesses strong immunomodulatory properties in subtoxic doses. Frondoside A stimulates lysosomal activity of mouse macrophages in vivo at a maximal effective stimulatory dose of 0.2 microg per mouse and is maintained over 10 days. This(More)
Despite recent advances in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), outcome of patients remains poor due to the development of drug resistance. Thus, new drugs are urgently needed. We investigated efficacy, toxicity and mechanism of action of marine triterpene glycoside frondoside A (FrA) using CRPC cell lines in vitro and in(More)