Dmitry K Novikov

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Beta-oxidation of acyl-CoAs in mammalian peroxisomes can occur via either multifunctional enzyme type 1 (MFE-1) or type 2 (MFE-2), both of which catalyze the hydration of trans-2-enoyl-CoA and the dehydrogenation of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA, but with opposite chiral specificity. Amino acid sequence alignment of the 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 2 domain in human MFE-2(More)
Rat liver peroxisomes contain two multifunctional enzymes: (1) perMFE-1 [2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 1/Delta3,Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase/(S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase] and (2) perMFE-2 [2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 2/(R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase]. To investigate the role of the hydratase activity of perMFE-2 in beta-oxidation, a truncated version of(More)
The crystal structure of Delta3-Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase from human mitochondria (hmEci), complexed with the substrate analogue octanoyl-CoA, has been refined at 1.3 A resolution. This enzyme takes part in the beta-oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids by converting both cis-3 and trans-3-enoyl-CoA esters (with variable length of the acyl group) to(More)
In addition to several other enzymes, the short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase superfamily includes a group of peroxisomal multifunctional enzymes involved in fatty acid and cholesterol side-chain beta-oxidation. Mammalian peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme type 2 (perMFE-2) is a 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase-2/(R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase. As has been shown(More)
According to current views, the second peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway is responsible for the degradation of the side chain of bile acid intermediates. Peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme type 2 [peroxisomal multifunctional 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase/(R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase; MFE-2] catalyses the second (hydration) and third (dehydrogenation)(More)
rECH1, a recently identified rat cDNA (FitzPatrick, D. R., Germain-Lee, E., and Valle, D. (1995) Genomics 27, 457-466) encodes a polypeptide belonging to the hydratase/isomerase superfamily. We modeled the structure of rECH1 based on rat mitochondrial 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 1. The model predicts that rECH1p has the hydratase fold in the core domain and two(More)
Peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme type 2 (perMFE-2) catalyzes conversion of (24E)-3alpha,7alpha, 12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA to (24-keto)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoA, which are physiological intermediates in cholic acid synthesis. In contrast to long chain fatty acid oxidizing enzymes clofibrate does not induce(More)
alpha-Methylacyl-CoA racemase, an enzyme of the bile acid biosynthesis and branched chain fatty acid degradation pathway, was studied at the protein, cDNA, and genomic levels in mouse liver. Immunoelectron microscopy and subcellular fractionation located racemase to mitochondria and peroxisomes. The enzymes were purified from both organelles with(More)
BACKGROUND The degradation of unsaturated fatty acids is vital to all living organisms. Certain unsaturated fatty acids must be catabolized via a pathway auxiliary to the main beta-oxidation pathway. Dienoyl-coenzyme A (dienoyl-CoA) isomerase catalyzes one step of this auxiliary pathway, the isomerization of 3-trans,5-cis-dienoyl-CoA to(More)
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