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This paper introduces a method for generation and validation of a probabilistic functional brain atlas of subcortical structures from electrophysiological and neuroimaging data. The method contains three major steps: (1) acquisition of pre, intra, and postoperative multimodal data; (2) selection of an accurate data set for atlas generation; and (3)(More)
OBJECTIVE Statistical analysis of patients previously operated on may improve our methods of performing subsequent surgical procedures. In this article, we introduce a method for studying the functional properties of cerebral structures from electrophysiological and neuroimaging data by using the probabilistic functional atlas (PFA). The PFA provides a(More)
Baseline EEG traces were recorded from the right occipital area with the eyes closed in 15 subjects. Rhythmic stimulation with bright, diffuse flashes of light was applied through the closed eyelids at specific points in the alpha-wave phase (trigger photic stimulation). Ten versions of stimulation were used, with application at different phases for 1 min(More)
The article introduces an atlas-assisted method and a tool called the Cerefy Neuroradiology Atlas (CNA), available over the Internet for neuroradiology and human brain mapping. The CNA contains an enhanced, extended, and fully segmented and labeled electronic version of the Talairach-Tournoux brain atlas, including parcelated gyri and Brodmann's areas. To(More)
The paper introduces an optimal algorithm for rapid calculation of a probabilistic functional atlas (PFA) of subcortical structures from data collected during functional neurosurgery procedures. The PFA is calculated based on combined intraoperative electrophysiology, pre- and intraoperative neuroimaging, and postoperative neurological verification. The(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper describes an Internet portal for stereotactic and functional neurosurgery with a probabilistic functional atlas (PFA) calculated from electrophysiological and neuroimaging data. This portal enables (1) data sharing among neurosurgeons; (2) the calculation of probabilistic functional maps of stereotactic target structures from a(More)
We tested the hypothesis that PKCbeta contributes to vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration and proliferation; processes central to the pathogenesis of restenosis consequent to vascular injury. Homozygous PKCbeta null (-/-) mice or wild-type mice fed the PKCbeta inhibitor, ruboxistaurin, displayed significantly decreased neointimal expansion in(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Determination of distorted brain anatomy surrounding a tumor causing a mass effect is much more difficult than interpretation of normal brain scans, particularly because this distortion is not easily predictable a tumor may be located in any place and vary substantially in size, shape, and radiological appearance. The objective of(More)
We have previously introduced a concept of a probabilistic functional atlas (PFA) to overcome limitations of the current electronic stereotactic brain atlases: anatomical nature, spatial sparseness, inconsistency and lack of population information. The PFA for the STN has already been developed. This work addresses construction of the PFA for the(More)
Changes in potential are known to occur in the orbital area during saccades. The sign of these changes depends on the position of the electrode and the direction of eye rotation, while their amplitude depends on the rotation angle. The patterns of potentials can be used to resolve the reverse task, i.e., that of describing the gaze trajectory, such that the(More)