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Golgins are large coiled-coil proteins that play a role in Golgi structure and vesicle traffic. The Arf-like GTPase Arl1 regulates the translocation of GRIP domain-containing golgins to Golgi membranes. We report here the 1.7 A resolution structure of human Arl1-GTP in a complex with the GRIP domain of golgin-245. The structure reveals that the GRIP domain(More)
The assembly of AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs) into distinct ion channel tetramers ultimately governs the nature of information transfer at excitatory synapses. How cells regulate the formation of diverse homo- and heteromeric AMPARs is unknown. Using a sensitive biophysical approach, we show that the extracellular, membrane-distal AMPAR N-terminal(More)
ESCRT complexes form the main machinery driving protein sorting from endosomes to lysosomes. Currently, the picture regarding assembly of ESCRTs on endosomes is incomplete. The structure of the conserved heterotrimeric ESCRT-I core presented here shows a fan-like arrangement of three helical hairpins, each corresponding to a different subunit. Vps23/Tsg101(More)
We analysed by analytical ultracentrifugation and fluorescence anisotropy the binding of p53 truncation mutants to sequence-specific DNA. The synthetic 30 base-pair DNA oligomers contained the 20 base-pair recognition elements for p53, consisting of four sites of five base-pairs per p53 monomer. We found that the binding at low ionic strengths was obscured(More)
ESCRT (endosomal sorting complex required for transport) complexes orchestrate efficient sorting of ubiquitinated transmembrane receptors to lysosomes via multivesicular bodies (MVBs). Yeast ESCRT-I and ESCRT-II interact directly in vitro; however, this association is not detected in yeast cytosol. To gain understanding of the molecular mechanisms of this(More)
We present active-state structures of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCRs) rhodopsin carrying the disease-causing mutation G90D. Mutations of G90 cause either retinitis pigmentosa (RP) or congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB), a milder, non-progressive form of RP. Our analysis shows that the CSNB-causing G90D mutation introduces a salt bridge with(More)
Tumor suppressor p53 is a transcription factor that transactivates a wide range of genes, including those in DNA repair, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and its own degradation. To estimate the role of selectivity in binding to its promoters, we measured the binding affinities of a tetrameric p53 construct (p53CT) in vitro with 20 of its recognition elements(More)
Centrioles are cylindrical, ninefold symmetrical structures with peripheral triplet microtubules strictly required to template cilia and flagella. The highly conserved protein SAS-6 constitutes the center of the cartwheel assembly that scaffolds centrioles early in their biogenesis. We determined the x-ray structure of the amino-terminal domain of SAS-6(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 is a tetrameric multi-domain transcription factor. Its C-terminal domain is thought to regulate the binding of its core domain to specific recognition sequences in promoters. The mechanism of regulation by the C-terminal domain and the role of its post-translational modification are controversial. We have examined the binding of DNA(More)
Proteins are involved in various equilibria that play a major role in their activity or regulation. The design of molecules that shift such equilibria is of great therapeutic potential. This fact was demonstrated in the cases of allosteric inhibitors, which shift the equilibrium between active and inactive (R and T) states, and chemical chaperones, which(More)