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Human recombinant prothymosin alpha (ProTalpha) is known to have coil-like conformation at neutral pH; i.e., it belongs to the class of "natively unfolded" proteins. By means of circular dichroism, SAXS, and ANS fluorescence, we have investigated the effect of several divalent cations on the structure of this protein. Results of these studies are consistent(More)
A cytochrome c mutant lacking apoptogenic function but competent in electron transfer and antioxidant activities has been constructed. To this end, mutant species of horse and yeast cytochromes c with substitutions in the N-terminal alpha-helix or position 72 were obtained. It was found that yeast cytochrome c was much less effective than the horse protein(More)
A non-traumatic electroporation procedure was developed to load exogenous cytochrome c into the cytoplasm and to study the apoptotic effect of cytochrome c, its K72-substitued mutants and “yeast → horse” hybrid cytochrome c in living WEHI-3 cells. The minimum apoptosis-activating intracellular concentration of horse heart cytochrome c was estimated to be(More)
Cytochrome c is one of the key proteins involved in the programmed cell death, and lysine 72 is known to be required for its apoptogenic activity. We have engineered a number of horse and murine cytochrome c single-point mutants with various substitutions at position 72 and compared quantitatively their proapoptotic activity in living cells. Apoptosis was(More)
The denaturation of some globular proteins by Gu-HCl shows a non-simultaneous change of different optical properties: the CD spectrum in near UV (aromatic) region changes at smaller concentrations of Gu-HCl than the CD spectrum in far UV (peptide) region [l--4]. This suggests the existence of stable, partly denatured (intermediate) forms of these proteins(More)
Prothymosin alpha has previously been shown to be unfolded at neutral pH, thus belonging to a growing family of "natively unfolded" proteins. The structural properties and conformational stability of recombinant human prothymosin alpha were characterized at neutral and acidic pH by gel filtration, SAXS, circular dichroism, ANS fluorescence, (1)H NMR, and(More)
Enteropeptidase (synonym:enterokinase, EC 3.4.21.9) is a heterodimeric serine protease of the intestinal brush border that activates trypsinogen by highly specific cleavage of the trypsinogen activation peptide following the sequence (Asp)(4)-Lys. The DNA sequence encoding the light chain (catalytic subunit) of human enteropeptidase (GenBank Accession No.(More)
The effective synthesis of the envelope antigen F1 of Y. pestis in E. coli HB101 is mediated by the expression of the caf1M gene. This gene was sequenced, and the protein encoded was found to have a significant homology with the chaperone protein PapD of uropathogenic E. coli. The data presented allow one to suppose Caf1M and PapD proteins perform similar(More)
Discovery of proteins expressed in the central nervous system sharing the three-finger structure with snake α-neurotoxins provoked much interest to their role in brain functions. Prototoxin LYNX1, having homology both to Ly6 proteins and three-finger neurotoxins, is the first identified member of this family membrane-tethered by a GPI anchor, which(More)
TGFbeta signaling is initiated by binding of growth factor ligand to two related single-pass transmembrane receptor serine/threonine kinases, known as the TGFbeta type I (TbetaRI) and type II (TbetaRII-ED) receptors. TbetaRII-ED is essential for all TGFbeta-induced signals. The DNA sequence encoding the extracellular domain of human TbetaRII-ED(More)