Dmitrii E. Makarov

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Experiments have shown that the folding rate constants of two dozen structurally unrelated, small, single-domain proteins can be expressed in terms of one quantity (the contact order) that depends exclusively on the topology of the folded state. Such dependence is unique in chemical kinetics. Here we investigate its physical origin and derive the(More)
Most small, single-domain proteins fold with the uncomplicated, single-exponential kinetics expected for diffusion on a smooth energy landscape. Despite this energetic smoothness, the folding rates of these two-state proteins span a remarkable million-fold range. Here, we review the evidence in favor of a simple, mechanistic description, the topomer search(More)
Single-molecule experiments in which proteins are unfolded by applying mechanical stretching forces generally force unfolding to proceed along a reaction coordinate that is different from that in chemical or thermal denaturation. Here we simulate the mechanical unfolding and refolding of a minimalist off-lattice model of the protein ubiquitin to explore in(More)
Spider capture silk is a natural material that outperforms almost any synthetic material in its combination of strength and elasticity. The structure of this remarkable material is still largely unknown, because spider-silk proteins have not been crystallized. Capture silk is the sticky spiral in the webs of orb-weaving spiders. Here we are investigating(More)
Motivated by the recent experimental atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements of the mechanical unfolding of proteins pulled in different directions [D. J. Brockwell et al., Nat. Struct. Biol. 10, 731 (2003); M. Carrion-Vazquez et al., ibid 10, 738 (2003)] we have computed the unfolding free energy profiles for the ubiquitin domain when it is stretched(More)
Although recent spectroscopic studies of chemically denatured proteins hint at significant nonrandom residual structure, the results of extensive small angle X-ray scattering studies suggest random coil behavior, calling for a coherent understanding of these seemingly contradicting observations. Here, we report the results of a Monte Carlo study of the(More)
A method to denoise single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy (smFRET) trajectories using wavelet detail thresholding and Bayesian inference is presented. Bayesian methods are developed to identify fluorophore photoblinks in the time trajectories. Simulated data are used to quantify the improvement in static and dynamic data analysis. Application of the(More)
In recent years, elastic network models (ENM) have been widely used to describe low-frequency collective motions in proteins. These models are often validated and calibrated by fitting mean-square atomic displacements estimated from x-ray crystallography (B-factors). We show that a proper calibration procedure must account for the rigid-body motion and(More)
We have used kinetic Monte Carlo simulations to study the kinetics of unfolding of cross-linked polymer chains under mechanical loading. As the ends of a chain are pulled apart, the force transmitted by each cross-link increases until it ruptures. The stochastic cross-link rupture process is assumed to be governed by first order kinetics with a rate that(More)
Do highly denatured proteins adopt random coil configurations? Here, we address this question by measuring residue-to-residue separations across the denatured FynSH3 domain. Using single-molecule Forster resonance energy transfer techniques, we have collected transfer efficiency probability distributions for dye-labeled, denatured protein. Applying maximum(More)