Dmitri V. Rozanov

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We demonstrate that the presentation of LRP and the subsequent uptake of its ligands by malignant cells are both strongly regulated by MT1-MMP. Because LRP is essential for the clearance of multiple ligands, these findings have important implications for many pathophysiological processes including the pericellular proteolysis in neoplastic cells as well as(More)
Membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and alpha(v)beta(3) integrin are both essential to cell invasion. Maturation of integrin pro-alpha(v)chain (pro-alpha(v)) involves its cleavage by proprotein convertases (PC) to form the disulfide-bonded 125-kDa heavy and 25-kDa light alpha chains. Our report presents evidence of an alternative pathway of(More)
Recently, we have shown that membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) exhibits integrin convertase activity. Similar to furin-like proprotein convertases, MT1-MMP directly processes a single chain precursor of alpha(v) integrin subunit (pro-alpha(v)) into the heavy and light alpha-chains connected by a disulfide bridge. To evaluate functionality(More)
Understanding the function of invasion-promoting membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is of paramount importance for understanding cancer biology. MT1-MMP is synthesized in cells as a latent zymogen that requires the cleavage of its prodomain to exert the proteolytic activity. The mature alphav integrin subunit is also generated by(More)
Elevated expression of membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is closely associated with malignancies. There is a consensus among scientists that cell surface-associated MT1-MMP is a key player in pericellular proteolytic events. Now we have identified an intracellular, hitherto unknown, function of MT1-MMP. We demonstrated that MT1-MMP is(More)
Proteases exert control over cell behavior and affect many biological processes by making proteolytic modification of regulatory proteins. The purpose of this paper is to describe novel, important functions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-26. alpha1-Antitrypsin (AAT) is a serpin, the primary function of which is to regulate the activity of(More)
Mosquito-borne WNV (West Nile virus) is an emerging global threat. The NS3 proteinase, which is essential for the proteolytic processing of the viral polyprotein precursor, is a promising drug target. We have isolated and biochemically characterized the recombinant, highly active NS3 proteinase. We have determined that the NS3 proteinase functions in a(More)
Estrogens have many cellular functions, including their interactions with estrogen receptors alpha and beta (ERalpha and ERbeta). Earlier, we determined that the estrogen-ER complex stimulates the transcriptional activity of the matrix metalloproteinase 26 (MMP-26) gene promoter. We then determined that ERbeta is susceptible to MMP-26 proteolysis whereas(More)
Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP), a transmembrane proteinase with a short cytoplasmic domain and an extracellular catalytic domain, controls a variety of physiological and pathological processes through the proteolytic degradation of extracellular or transmembrane proteins. MT1-MMP forms a complex on the cell membrane with its(More)
Membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a key enzyme in cell locomotion and tissue remodeling. Trafficking to the plasma membrane and internalization into the transient storage compartment both regulate the cell surface presentation of MT1-MMP. Our data indicate that mutant MT1-MMP lacking the cytoplasmic tail is recruited to the(More)