Dmitri V. Averin

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A practical quantum computer, if built, would consist of a set of coupled two-level quantum systems (qubits). Among the variety of qubits implemented, solid-state qubits are of particular interest because of their potential suitability for integrated devices. A variety of qubits based on Josephson junctions have been implemented; these exploit the coherence(More)
We propose a new variant of the controlled-NOT quantum logic gate based on adiabatic level-crossing dynamics of the q-bits. The gate has a natural implementation in terms of the Cooper pair transport in arrays of small Josephson tunnel junctions. An important advantage of the adiabatic approach is that the gate dynamics is insensitive to the unavoidable(More)
We have calculated all the components of the current in a short one-dimensional channel between two superconductors for arbitrary voltages and transparencies D of the channel. We demonstrate that in the ballistic limit (D ≃ 1), the crossover between the quasistationary evolution of the Joseph-son phase difference ϕ at small voltages and transport by(More)
The existing theory of correlated single-electron tunneling in the double normal-metal tunnel junction is extended to the case of an ultrasmall central electrode of the structure. It is shown that the form of the I-V curve of such a system depends on the energy relaxation rate in this electrode. For realistic values of the relaxation rate, the large-scale(More)
We suggest and demonstrate in experiment that two normal metal /insulator/ superconductor (NIS) tunnel junctions combined in series to form a symmetric SINIS structure can operate as an efficient Peltier refrigerator. Specifically, it is shown that the SINIS structure with normal-state junction resistances 1.0 and 1.1 kΩ is capable of reaching a temperature(More)
We develop a theory of quadratic quantum measurements by a mesoscopic detector. It is shown that the quadratic measurements should have nontrivial quantum information properties, providing, for instance, a simple way of entangling two noninteracting qubits. We also calculate the output spectrum of a detector with both linear and quadratic response,(More)