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We studied the diagnostic accuracy of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with technetium 99m-labeled hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (Tc 99m HMPAO) in 48 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) according to NINCDS-ADRDA criteria and in 60 controls recruited from a population-based study. With logistic regression, we identified(More)
We prospectively studied 244 consecutive patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage who were admitted within 72 hours to the same institution between November 1977 and May 1987 and who were not treated with antifibrinolytics. From November 1977 through December 1982 (the first study period), daily fluid intake was 1.5-2.1 and fluid restriction was applied when(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The rationale behind early aneurysm surgery in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is the prevention of rebleeding as early as possible after SAH. In addition, by clipping the aneurysm as early as possible, one can apply treatment for cerebral ischemia more vigorously (induced hypertension) without the risk of rebleeding.(More)
The shape, size and location of regions of interest (ROIs) show considerable variability between single-photon emission tomography (SPET) studies in aging and Alzheimer's disease, but the possible influence on study results remains unknown. We compared three different ROIs in a SPET study with 60 controls and in 48 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease(More)
In this study with randomized controls, we administered fludrocortisone acetate to 46 of 91 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage in an attempt to prevent excessive natriuresis and plasma volume depletion. Fludrocortisone significantly reduced the frequency of a negative sodium balance during the first 6 days (from 63% to 38%, p = 0.041). A negative sodium(More)
In a consecutive series of 473 patients admitted within 72 hours after a subarachnoid hemorrhage, 91 (19%) had hydrocephalus on the initial computed tomogram. Consciousness was unimpaired in 25 of the 91 (28%). In 11 more patients acute hydrocephalus developed within 1 week after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Thirty-eight (8%) of all 473 patients subsequently(More)
The association between hyponatremia and cerebral ischemia was investigated in a consecutive series of 208 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage who had a daily fluid intake of at least 3 L and in whom fluid restriction, to correct hyponatremia, was not applied. Hyponatremia occurred in 70 (34%) of the 208 patients. The occurrence of cerebral ischemia in(More)
We studied the early clinical course of 65 patients with perimesencephalic (nonaneurysmal) subarachnoid hemorrhage. None of the patients rebled; none had delayed cerebral ischemia; and only 3 patients (5%) developed clinical signs of acute hydrocephalus, 2 requiring ventricular shunting. Hyponatremia and electrocardiographic changes were found in the same(More)
We describe a characteristic distribution of cisternal blood in 52 patients with nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage proved by a normal angiogram. On CT, the center of the bleeding was located immediately anterior to the brainstem in all patients, which was confirmed in four patients who were studied with MR imaging. Extension to the ambient cisterns or(More)
We studied predictive factors for the occurrence of epilepsy in 381 consecutive patients admitted within 72 hours after they had a subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Fits occurring in the presence of hyponatremia or within 12 hours after the initial bleed, rebleeding, or aneurysm surgery were classified as associated with these(More)