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A group of clinicians from across Europe experienced in the use of botulinum toxin type A for the treatment of spasticity following acquired brain injury gathered to develop a consensus statement on best practice in managing adults with spasticity. This consensus table summarizes the current published data, which was collated following extensive literature(More)
BACKGROUND Poor control of reaching in spastic hemiparetic patients could be because of a combination of poor individuation of joints, weakness, spasticity, and/or sensory loss. OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of botulinum toxin injections (BTIs) on spasticity, upper-limb function, and kinematics of reaching movements in patients with spastic hemiparesis(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize patient and physician satisfaction with current standard-of-care botulinum toxin treatment regimens for symptom control in patients with post-stroke spasticity using structured interviews with patients and physicians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in Canada, France, Germany, and the US.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE wallerian degeneration (WD) in descending motor tracts after stroke is described at the level of the internal capsule and the brainstem. We investigated whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can detect degeneration in the lateral cervical spinal cord after stroke. METHODS DTI at 1.5 T of the cervical spinal cord was performed in 4(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether intermittent positive-pressure breathing (IPPB) improved lung compliance, work of breathing, and respiratory function in patients with recent high spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN An unblinded randomized crossover trial. SETTING Rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=14) with SCI caused by trauma within the(More)
BACKGROUND Following stroke, patients frequently demonstrate loss of motor control and function and altered kinematic parameters of reaching movements. Feedback is an essential component of rehabilitation and auditory feedback of kinematic parameters may be a useful tool for rehabilitation of reaching movements at the impairment level. The aim of this study(More)
Stiff knee gait (SKG) is common in hemiplegic patients. The main focus of treatment is rectus femoris (RF) spasticity. The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin injection (BTI) in the RF muscle on peak knee flexion during swing phase and its quantitative and functional impact on gait. We also wished to evaluate the correlation(More)
BACKGROUND The velocity of reaching movements is often reduced in patients with stroke-related hemiparesis; however, they are able to voluntarily increase paretic hand velocity. Previous studies have proposed that faster speed improves movement quality. OBJECTIVE To investigate the combined effects of reaching distance and speed instruction on trunk and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess by simulation the cost-effectiveness of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy compared with conventional medical treatments for patients with disabling spasticity and functional dependence caused by any neurological disease. METHODS Two models were created to simulate therapeutic strategies for managing severe spasticity, one with and one(More)