Dizhan Zhang

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the histological classification of melasma with reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) in vivo. METHODS Two hundred and ten cases with facial melasma lesions were enrolled. After informed consent, the target melasma lesion of 10 patients were imaged with RCM and then biopsied as well. Under the RCM scanning, the distribution of the(More)
BACKGROUND Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an acquired autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease characterized by circulating IgG autoantibodies directed against BP180 and BP230 hemidesmosomal proteins. Previous studies have demonstrated that antibodies against the NC16a domain of BP180 mediate BP pathogenesis, while antibodies against BP230 enhance the(More)
BACKGROUND Differentiation of some seborrheic keratosis (SK) and verruca plana (VP) lesions is a challenge. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) has been proved to be useful in the diagnosis of skin diseases; however, to date, there is no report on the differential study of the two diseases with CLSM. OBJECTIVES To obtain the CLSM image(More)
Dowling-Degos disease (DDD) is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized by reticular pigmented anomaly mainly affecting flexures. Though KRT5 has been identified to be the causal gene of DDD, the heterogeneity of this disease was displayed: for example, POFUT1 and POGLUT1 were recently identified and confirmed to be additional pathogenic genes of(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports have shown that indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) performed on sodium chloride-split skin (SSS) is helpful to differentiate epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) from bullous pemphigoid (BP). Antibodies of BP may bind to the epidermal side of SSS, while antibodies of EBA bind to the dermal side. AIMS To determine the accuracy(More)
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