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The lack of reliable, certified calibrant solutions for the Fusarium mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON), 3-acetyl-DON (3-Ac-DON), 15-acetyl-DON (15-Ac-DON) and nivalenol (NIV) is a serious drawback in the already problematic area of trichothecene analysis. For this reason, purified DON, 3-Ac-DON, 15-Ac-DON and NIV standards were processed, the conditions(More)
The use of coarse recycled concrete aggregates (CRCA) in conjunction with fine recycled concrete aggregates (FRCA) as sub-base materials has been widely studied. Although research results indicate that it is feasible to employ both CRCA and FRCA as granular sub-base, the influence of the unhydrated cement in the adhered mortar of the RCA on the properties(More)
The need for predicting fatigue life in solder joints is well appreciated at the present time. Currently, however, there are very few experimentally validated material parameters for popular SnAgCu alloys. Furthermore, the validity of CoffinManson life models, being empirical, also needs to be explored for these alloys which creep in a manner significantly(More)
Predicting the fatigue life of solder interconnections is a challenge due to the complex nonlinear behavior of solder alloys and the load history. Long experience with Sn-Pb solder alloys together with empirical fatigue life models such as the Coffin-Manson rule have helped us identify reliable choices among package design alternatives. However, for the(More)
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