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Eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF-4E plays a central role in the recognition of the 7-methylguanosine-containing cap structure of mRNA and the formation of initiation complexes during protein synthesis. eIF-4E exists in both phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated forms, and the primary site of phosphorylation has been identified. Previous studies(More)
Among the best characterized of the transcription factors are the b/HLH/z proteins: USF, Max, Myc, and Mad. These proteins bind to the DNA E-box, a six base pair sequence, CACGTG. Max and Myc form a heterodimer that has strong oncogenic potential but can also repress transcription, while Mad and Max form a heterodimer that acts as a transcription repressor.(More)
The binding of analogues of the 7-methylguanosine-containing cap, m7GTP and m7GpppG, to eIF-4E from human erythrocytes as a function of pH, temperature, and ionic strength is described. From the pH-dependent binding of m7GTP and m7GpppG to eIF-4E, a new model describing the nature of the cap.eIF-4E interaction is proposed. The thermodynamic values and ionic(More)
LETTERS 489 Livermore Lab Head: C. B. Tarter * Viral Recombination in Transgenic Plants: M. Mellon and J. Rissler; G. Bruening and B. W. Falk * Adolescent Health Study: D. Alexander; Eds. * Proposed NSF Violence Center: J. A. Mercy * Element Naming: E. K. Hulet * Inhibition of Rev-Mediated HIV-1 Expression: Retraction: M. Campbell, B. K. Felber, G.(More)
The 5'-cap and the poly(A) tail act synergistically to increase the translational efficiency of eukaryotic mRNAs, which suggests that these two mRNA elements communicate during translation. We report here that the cap-associated eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs), i. e. the two isoforms of the cap-binding complex (eIF-4F and eIF-iso4F) and eIF-4B, bind to(More)
Most eukaryotic mRNAs contain a 5' cap (m7GppX) and a 3' poly(A) tail to increase synergistically the translational efficiency. Recently, the poly(A) binding protein (PABP) and cap-binding protein, eIF-4F, were found to interact [Le et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 16247-16255; Tarun and Sachs (1996) EMBO J. 15, 7168-7177]. These data suggest that PABP may(More)
In eukaryotes, a key step in the initiation of translation is the binding of the eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) to the cap structure of the mRNA. Subsequent recruitment of several components, including the small ribosomal subunit, is thought to allow migration of initiation complexes and recognition of the initiation codon. Mitogens and cytokines(More)
Cap-binding proteins specifically bind to the 7-methyl guanosine (m7G) functional group at the 5' end of eukaryotic mRNAs. A novel Arabidopsis thaliana protein has been identified that has sequence similarity to cap-binding proteins but is clearly a different form of the protein. The most obvious primary sequence difference is the substitution of two of the(More)
Myc, Mad, and Max proteins belong to the basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper family of transcription factors. They bind to a specific hexanucleotide element of DNA, the E-box (CACGTG). To be biologically active, Myc and Mad require dimerization with Max. For the route of complex assembly of these dimers, there are two proposed pathways. In the monomer(More)