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Eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF-4E plays a central role in the recognition of the 7-methylguanosine-containing cap structure of mRNA and the formation of initiation complexes during protein synthesis. eIF-4E exists in both phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated forms, and the primary site of phosphorylation has been identified. Previous studies(More)
Among the best characterized of the transcription factors are the b/HLH/z proteins: USF, Max, Myc, and Mad. These proteins bind to the DNA E-box, a six base pair sequence, CACGTG. Max and Myc form a heterodimer that has strong oncogenic potential but can also repress transcription, while Mad and Max form a heterodimer that acts as a transcription repressor.(More)
The ATP-dependent binding of wheat germ protein synthesis initiation factors eIF-(iso)4F and eIF-4A to an oligoribonucleotide has been investigated by direct fluorescence titration techniques. In addition, the effect of ATP on the interaction between another cap-binding initiation factor, eIF-4F, and eIF-4A was studied using the same methods. Comparison of(More)
Direct fluorescence titration experiments of wheat germ protein synthesis initiation factor eIF-3 with mRNA cap and oligoribonucleotide analogues were performed in order to determine the equilibrium association constants (Keq) for the eIF-3.mRNA interaction as a function of pH and temperature. These data suggest that (i) the eIF-3.mRNA interaction is not(More)
The binding of analogues of the 7-methylguanosine-containing cap, m7GTP and m7GpppG, to eIF-4E from human erythrocytes as a function of pH, temperature, and ionic strength is described. From the pH-dependent binding of m7GTP and m7GpppG to eIF-4E, a new model describing the nature of the cap.eIF-4E interaction is proposed. The thermodynamic values and ionic(More)
LETTERS 489 Livermore Lab Head: C. B. Tarter * Viral Recombination in Transgenic Plants: M. Mellon and J. Rissler; G. Bruening and B. W. Falk * Adolescent Health Study: D. Alexander; Eds. * Proposed NSF Violence Center: J. A. Mercy * Element Naming: E. K. Hulet * Inhibition of Rev-Mediated HIV-1 Expression: Retraction: M. Campbell, B. K. Felber, G.(More)
The 5'-cap and the poly(A) tail act synergistically to increase the translational efficiency of eukaryotic mRNAs, which suggests that these two mRNA elements communicate during translation. We report here that the cap-associated eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs), i. e. the two isoforms of the cap-binding complex (eIF-4F and eIF-iso4F) and eIF-4B, bind to(More)
Most eukaryotic mRNAs contain a 5' cap (m7GppX) and a 3' poly(A) tail to increase synergistically the translational efficiency. Recently, the poly(A) binding protein (PABP) and cap-binding protein, eIF-4F, were found to interact [Le et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 16247-16255; Tarun and Sachs (1996) EMBO J. 15, 7168-7177]. These data suggest that PABP may(More)
Recent studies demonstrated that wheat germ poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) interacted with translation eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF)-iso4G and eIF4B, and these interactions increased the poly(A) binding activity of PABP (Le, H., Tanguay, R. L., Balasta, M. L., Wei, C. C., Browning, K. S., Metz, A. M., Goss, D. J., and Gallie, D. R. (1997) J. Biol.(More)