Divya Chaudhary

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Programmed death 1 (PD-1)–deficient mice develop a variety of autoimmune-like diseases, which suggests that this immunoinhibitory receptor plays an important role in tolerance. We identify here PD-1 ligand 2 (PD-L2) as a second ligand for PD-1 and compare the function and expression of PD-L1 and PD-L2. Engagement of PD-1 by PD-L2 dramatically inhibits T(More)
Engagement of the immunoinhibitory receptor, programmed death-1 (PD-1) attenuates T-cell receptor (TCR)-mediated activation of IL-2 production and T-cell proliferation. Here, we demonstrate that PD-1 modulation of T-cell function involves inhibition of TCR-mediated phosphorylation of ZAP70 and association with CD3zeta. In addition, PD-1 signaling attenuates(More)
Mast cell and basophil activation contributes to inflammation, bronchoconstriction, and airway hyperresponsiveness in asthma. Because IL-33 expression is inflammation inducible, we investigated IL-33-mediated effects in concert with both IgE-mediated and IgE-independent stimulation. Because the HMC-1 mast cell line can be activated by GPCR and RTK(More)
Protein kinase C theta (PKCtheta), a member of the Ca(2+)-independent novel subfamily of PKCs, is required for T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling and IL2 production. PKCtheta-deficient mice have impaired Th2 responses in a murine ova-induced asthma model, while Th1 responses are normal. As an essential component of the TCR signaling complex, PKCtheta is a(More)
A member of the novel protein kinase C (PKC) subfamily, PKC, is an essential component of the T cell synapse and is required for optimal T cell activation and interleukin-2 production. Selective involvement of PKC in TCR signaling makes this enzyme an attractive therapeutic target in T cell-mediated disease processes. In this report we describe the crystal(More)
We previously reported that a 3-pyridinecarbonitrile analog with a furan substituent at C-5 and a 4-methylindol-5-ylamino substituent at C-4, 1, was a potent inhibitor of PKCtheta (IC50=4.5 nM). Replacement of the C-5 furan ring of 1 with bicyclic heteroaryl rings, led to compounds with significantly improved potency against PKCtheta. Analog 6b with a(More)
The protein kinase C (PKC) family of serine/threonine kinases is implicated in a wide variety of cellular processes. The PKC theta (PKCtheta) isoform is involved in TCR signal transduction and T cell activation and regulates T cell mediated diseases, including lung inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness. Thus inhibition of PKCtheta enzyme activity by a(More)
We earlier reported that 3-pyridinecarbonitriiles with a 4-methylindolyl-5-amino group at C-4 and a phenyl group at C-5 were inhibitors of PKCtheta. Keeping the group at C-4 of the pyridine core constant, we varied the water solubilizing group on the phenyl ring at C-5 and then replaced the C-5 phenyl ring with several monocyclic heteroaryl rings, including(More)
Protein kinase C theta (PKCtheta) is expressed in NK cells, but its functional role has not been defined. Here, we demonstrate involvement of PKCtheta in IL-12-induced NK cell IFN-gamma production. NK cells from PKCtheta(-/-) mice produced less IFN-gamma in response to IL-12 than those from wild-type (WT) mice. IL-12-induced NK cell cytotoxicity was(More)
Thieno[2,3-b]pyridine-5-carbonitrile 16 with a 4-methyl-5-indolylamine at C-4 and a 5-methoxy-2-(dimethylamino)-methylphenyl group at C-2 had an IC(50) value of 16 nM for the inhibition of PKCtheta. While moderate inhibition of PKCdelta was also observed (IC(50)=130 nM), 16 had IC(50) values of greater than 5 microM against Lyn and other members of the Src(More)