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The aetiology and pathogenesis of Morton's Neuroma remain controversial. It is not true neuroma and therefore, it is better referred to as Morton's metatarsalgia. This article reviews the various thoughts regarding the pathogenesis of this condition. Chronic trauma, ischaemia, bursitis and entrapment neuropathy have been proposed as possible aetiologic(More)
BACKGROUND Ankle arthritis is a cause of major disability; however reports in the literature on the incidence of ankle osteoarthritis are rare. OBJECTIVES To explore the methodological challenges in obtaining an incidence of ankle osteoarthritis and to estimate the incidence of symptomatic osteoarthritis presenting to Foot & Ankle specialists in the UK.(More)
Whilst a few studies have associated various symptoms with the presence of a peroneus quartus muscle in the peroneal compartment of the leg, little is known of the clinical relevance of this muscle. We dissected 102 cadaver legs and reviewed the magnetic resonance images of 80 patients with symptoms from the ankle. The peroneus quartus, with a number of(More)
UNLABELLED The literature states that proper management of Madura foot strongly depends on accurate identification of the causative organism. We describe the case of a patient with Madura foot who was diagnosed with eumycetoma after the dot-in-circle sign, which has been previously reported in regard to magnetic resonance images of this lesion, was observed(More)
BACKGROUND The focus on evidence-based medicine has led to calls for increased levels of evidence in surgical journals. The purpose of the present study was to review the levels of evidence in articles published in the foot and ankle literature and to assess changes in the level of evidence over a decade. METHODS All of the articles in the literature from(More)
Fluoroquinolone antibiotics (such as olprofloxacin, pefloxacin, ofloxacin, norfloxacin, temafloxacin, etc.) have recently been implicated in the etiology of Achilles tendinitis and subsequent tendon rupture. We report on a patient with bilateral partial Achilles tendon ruptures associated with ciprofloxacin therapy and present a review of the current(More)
UNLABELLED Bone marrow edema syndrome (BMES) is a condition characterized by pain and an increase interstitial fluid within the bone marrow in the absence of a definable cause. The purpose of this study was to assess the changes in the pattern of bone edema and quality of pain over time. In patients diagnosed with BMES of the foot and ankle, we investigated(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the prevalence of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) in women over the age of 40. METHODS A validated survey was posted to a random sample of 1000 women (over 40 years) from a GP group practice in Hertfordshire, England. Survey positive women were telephoned and when indicated, a detailed examination was performed. (More)