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Neurons in the myenteric plexus of Auerbach of the jejunum, ileum, colon and rectum in 6- and 24-month-old rats have been visualised by an enzyme histochemical method in laminar preparations of the muscularis externa. Neuron somata numbers and sizes were recorded in the preparations. Significant reductions, of at least 40%, in the numbers of neurons in the(More)
Noradrenergic nerves were demonstrated in stretch preparations of Auerbach's plexus and longitudinal muscle from the proximal jejunum of Wistar rats using glyoxylic acid-induced fluorescence. The density of the noradrenergic nerve plexus and the number of nerve terminal varicosities/frame area were assessed using a Quantimet 800 image analyser and the(More)
Few cases better illustrate the effect of disease on reef populations than the 1980s region-wide die-off of the sea urchin Diadema antillarum (Lessios 1988). Its recovery from the still unidentified pathogen has been slow and variable but apparently linked to wave sheltered, shallow and rocky habitats (Carpenter and Edmunds 2006). In the summer of 2007,(More)
Morphometric measurements have been made on rat sympathetic neurons at ages between 6 and 24 months. In neurons of the coeliac-superior mesenteric ganglion there is a marked decrease in the neuronal packing density between 12 and 18 months which is accompanied by increases in the size of the neurons and their nuclei. In the superior cervical ganglion, no(More)
1. The arrangement of the sympathetic innervation of the myenteric plexus varies between mammalian species. 2. In larger mammals the density of sympathetic innervation of the myenteric plexus is significantly less than in small (less then 1 kg) species. 3. The number of varicosities on the terminal parts of sympathetic neurons innervating the gut is(More)
The ability of carbachol and isoprenaline to contract and relax respectively the longitudinal layer of ileal smooth muscle has been compared in rats aged six and twenty-four months. The concentration response curve to carbachol did not vary with the age of the animal. In contrast, the ability of isoprenaline to relax longitudinal smooth muscle precontracted(More)
An accurately validated method was developed for quantitative determination of succinate dehydrogenase (EC 1.3.99.1; SDH) activity in individual sympathetic neuron perikarya by microdensitometric measurement of an SDH-nitroblue tetrazolium-derived formazan final reaction product. Optimal incubation medium and reaction conditions were determined for(More)
Two methods have been used to determine the isobestic (equiconcentration) wavelength of formazans derived from nitroblue tetrazolium-succinate dehydrogenase (EC 1.3.99.1) activity in cryostat sections of the rat superior cervical ganglion prior to microdensitometric measurements. Both methods indicate that maximal absorbance of the final reaction product is(More)
We examined trends in the growth regulatory hormones growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) from August to December in chinook salmon. Fish on 100% (ad libitum) and 64% rations of a low fat high protein diet, and a 64% ration of commercial feed (BioOregon-grower) were sampled twice a month. Fish were kept on simulated natural(More)
Globally, the eutrophication of coastal marine environments is a worsening problem that is accelerating the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Coral reefs are among the most sensitive to this change, as chronic inputs of agricultural and wastewater effluents and atmospheric deposition disrupt their naturally oligotrophic state. Often,(More)