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Cells rely on autophagy to clear misfolded proteins and damaged organelles to maintain cellular homeostasis. In this study we use the new autophagy inhibitor PIK-III to screen for autophagy substrates. PIK-III is a selective inhibitor of VPS34 that binds a unique hydrophobic pocket not present in related kinases such as PI(3)Kα. PIK-III acutely inhibits(More)
A novel series of N-aryl-N'-pyrimidin-4-yl ureas has been optimized to afford potent and selective inhibitors of the fibroblast growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases 1, 2, and 3 by rationally designing the substitution pattern of the aryl ring. On the basis of its in vitro profile, compound 1h (NVP-BGJ398) was selected for in vivo evaluation and showed(More)
Phosphoinositide-3-kinases (PI3Ks) are important oncology targets due to the deregulation of this signaling pathway in a wide variety of human cancers. Herein we describe the structure guided optimization of a series of 2-morpholino, 4-substituted, 6-heterocyclic pyrimidines where the pharmacokinetic properties were improved by modulating the electronics of(More)
Originally identified as a modulator of glycogen metabolism, glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) is now understood to play an important regulatory role in a variety of pathways including initiation of protein synthesis, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, apoptosis, and is essential for embryonic development as a component of the Wnt signaling cascade.(More)
A novel series of benzoazepin-2-ones were designed and synthesized targeting the PIF pocket of AGC protein kinases, among which a series of thioether-linked benzoazepin-2-ones were discovered to bind to the PIF pocket of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1), and to displace the PIF peptide with an EC(50) values in the lower micromolar range. The(More)
The crystal structure of the replication terminator protein (RTP) of B. subtilis has been determined at 2.6 A resolution. As previously suggested by both biochemical and biophysical studies, the molecule exists as a symmetric dimer and is in the alpha + beta protein-folding class. The protein has several uncommon features, including an antiparallel(More)
Influenza virus polymerase catalyzes the transcription of viral mRNAs by a process known as "cap-snatching," where the 5'-cap of cellular pre-mRNA is recognized by the PB2 subunit and cleaved 10-13 nucleotides downstream of the cap by the endonuclease PA subunit. Although this mechanism is common to both influenza A (FluA) and influenza B (FluB) viruses,(More)
A series of tetrahydro-beta-carbolines were identified by HTS as inhibitors of the kinesin Eg5. Molecular modeling and medicinal chemistry techniques were employed to explore the SAR for this series with a focus of removing potential metabolic liabilities and improving cellular potency.
Isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) is a universal building block for the ubiquitous isoprenoids that are essential to all organisms. The enzymes of the non-mevalonate pathway for IPP synthesis, which is unique to many pathogenic bacteria, have recently been explored as targets for antibiotic development. Several crystal structures of(More)
Termination of DNA replication at a sequence-specific replication terminus is potentiated by the binding of the replication terminator protein (RTP) to the terminus sequence, causing polar arrest of the replicative helicase (contrahelicase activity). Two alternative models have been proposed to explain the mechanism of replication fork arrest. In the first(More)