Dirk van Osch

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BACKGROUND The postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) is a common complication following cardiac surgery. The pathophysiology remains unclear, although evidence exists that surgical trauma and the use of cardiopulmonary bypass provoke an immune response leading to PPS. We hypothesized that an intraoperative dose of dexamethasone decreases the risk of PPS, by(More)
BACKGROUND The Advisa MRI system is designed to safely undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Its influence on image quality is not well known. OBJECTIVE To evaluate cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) image quality and to characterize myocardial contraction patterns by using the Advisa MRI system. METHODS In this international trial with 35(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative new-onset atrial fibrillation (PNAF) is the most common complication following cardiac surgery. The pathogenesis of PNAF is multifactorial. The concept of the postoperative inflammatory response, as a potential underlying mechanism has been extensively studied. This review aims to provide a comprehensive summary of literature(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac surgery with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a systemic inflammatory response. Intraoperative corticosteroids are administered to attenuate this inflammatory response. The recent Dexamethasone for Cardiac Surgery (DECS) trial could not demonstrate a beneficial effect of dexamethasone on major adverse events in cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication after cardiac surgery. Inflammation is believed to play a pivotal role in the etiology of postoperative AF. There is a suggestion from small studies that perioperative treatment with corticosteroids may reduce postoperative AF. The DExamethasone for Cardiac Surgery (DECS) study was a(More)
Postoperative new-onset atrial fibrillation (PNAF) is very common after cardiac surgery and postoperative inflammation may contribute to PNAF by inducing atrial dysfunction. Corticosteroids reduce inflammation and may thus reduce atrial dysfunction and PNAF development. This study aimed to determine whether dexamethasone protects against left atrial(More)
BACKGROUND Postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) is a common complication following cardiac surgery; however, the exact pathogenesis remains uncertain. Identifying risk factors of PPS might help to better understand the syndrome. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of existing literature around determinants of PPS in adult cardiac surgery patients.(More)
OBJECTIVE The study aim was to investigate the long-term prognosis and risk factors of postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS). METHODS We performed a single-center cohort study in 822 patients undergoing nonemergent valve surgery. Risk factors of PPS were evaluated using multivariable logistic regression analysis. We also compared the incidence of reoperation(More)
BACKGROUND First-in-man studies of leadless pacemakers have demonstrated high rates of implant success, and safety and efficacy objectives were achieved. Outside of the investigational setting, there are concerns, particularly over cardiac effusion and perforation, device dislodgement, infection, telemetry, and battery issues. OBJECTIVE The acute(More)