Dirk Wiedermann

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In vivo monitoring of stem cells after grafting is essential for a better understanding of their migrational dynamics and differentiation processes and of their regeneration potential. Migration of endogenous or grafted stem cells and neurons has been described in vertebrate brain, both under normal conditions from the subventricular zone along the rostral(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a unique tool to study brain activity and plasticity changes. Combination of blood-oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI and electrical forepaw stimulation has been used as a standard model to study the somatosensory pathway and brain rehabilitation in rats. The majority of fMRI studies have been performed in(More)
Therapeutic success of treatment of cerebral diseases must be assessed in terms of functional outcome. In experimental stroke studies, this has been limited to behavioral studies combined with morphological evaluations and single time point functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measurements but lacking the access to understanding underlying(More)
Most of the currently used methods for functional brain imaging do not visualize neuronal activity directly but rather rely on the elicited hemodynamic and/or metabolic responses. Glutamate, the major excitatory neurotransmitter, plays an important role in the neurovascular/neurometabolic coupling, but the specific mechanisms are still poorly understood. To(More)
Brain inflammation contributes to the tissue injury caused by ischemic stroke. Macrophages as the most abundant inflammatory cell population in stroke lesions can be visualized using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) as a cell-specific contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of our present study was to delineate the(More)
Resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) of the brain has the potential to elicit networks of functional connectivity and to reveal changes thereof in animal models of neurological disorders. In the present study, we investigate the contribution of physiological noise and its impact on assessment of functional connectivity in rs-fMRI of medetomidine sedated,(More)
Functional connectivity networks derived from resting-state functional MRI (rsfMRI) have received increasing interest to further our understanding of brain function. The anesthesia in rodent models may influence the interpretation and comparison of results from functional connectivity MRI (fcMRI). More research is required on this aspect. In this study, we(More)
Recently, macrophage infiltration in different central nervous system (CNS) pathologies has been visualized with ultrasmall particles of iron oxide (USPIO) as a new cell-specific contrast medium for MRI. However, validation of these findings at the histological level has been hampered by the fact that the in situ detection of iron uptake by conventional(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging studies in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) revealed white matter alterations that correlated to most recent blood phenylalanine (Phe) concentrations as well as to brain Phe concentrations measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The clinical significance of these changes is unknown. Magnetic resonance imaging data thus(More)
The role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes remains controversial. In order to specifically define the relationship between insulin receptor (InsR) signaling, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and mitochondrial function, we analyzed mitochondrial performance of insulin-sensitive,(More)