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BACKGROUND Cardiac inflammation and generation of oxidative stress are known to contribute to doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cardiomyopathy. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a part of the innate immune system and are involved in cardiac stress reactions. Since TLR4 might play a relevant role in cardiac inflammatory signalling, we investigated whether or not TLR4(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy includes fibrosis. Kallikrein (KLK) can inhibit collagen synthesis and promote collagen breakdown. We investigated cardiac fibrosis and left ventricular (LV) function in transgenic rats (TGR) expressing the human kallikrein 1 (hKLK1) gene in streptozotocin (STZ) -induced diabetic conditions. Six weeks after STZ injection, LV function(More)
The kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) is a system of vasoactive peptides, the kinins, involved in different aspects of remodeling, inflammation and angiogenesis. Kinins mediate their actions through two receptors, B1R and B2R. It is increasingly recognized that the KKS is involved in the inflammatory processes of the heart. Evidence shows that the B2R is(More)
Cardiotoxicity, which may result from intense cardiac oxidative stress and inflammation, is the main limiting factor of the anticancer therapy using doxorubicin. Because statins might exert beneficial pleiotropic cardiovascular effects, among other things, by anti-inflammatory and antioxidative mechanisms, we investigated whether or not fluvastatin(More)
A real time development platform for simulation studies of control and operation of next generation of power systems control functions is introduced. The platform covers all aspects of the challenges of future power systems requirements related to operation and control. In this paper the requirements of a simulation platform will be formulated. A laboratory(More)
AIMS We tested the hypothesis that, in heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF), diastolic dysfunction is accentuated at increasing heart rates, and this contributes to impaired frequency-dependent augmentation of cardiac output. METHODS AND RESULTS In 17 patients with HFNEF (median age 69 years, 13 female) and seven age-matched control(More)
Cardiac failure is the most prevalent cause of death at higher age, and is commonly associated with impaired energy homeostasis in the heart. Mitochondrial metabolism appears critical to sustain cardiac function to counteract aging. In this study, we generated mice transgenically over-expressing the mitochondrial protein frataxin, which promotes(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetic cardiomyopathy is associated with increased mortality in patients with diabetes. The underlying pathology of this disease is still under discussion. We studied the role of the kinin B1 receptor on the development of experimental diabetic cardiomyopathy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We utilized B1 receptor knockout mice and investigated(More)
Background: Proinflammatory cytokines induce the expression of matrix metalloproteinases that play a crucial role in myocardial remodeling. Beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation influences the production of cytokines heralding the possibility of modulating cytokine production by beta-adrenergic blockers. Methods and results: In a coxsackievirus B3 murine(More)