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AIMS Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) support stabilizes patients with cardiogenic shock. Despite improved oxygenation and peripheral circulation, LV unloading may be impeded due to the increased afterload, resulting in a failing static left ventricle and in high mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS We describe for the first time a(More)
Background—Increased left ventricular stiffness is a distinct finding in patients who have heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF). To elucidate how diastolic dysfunction contributes to heart failure symptomatology during exercise, we conducted a study using an invasive pressure-volume loop approach and measured cardiac function at rest and(More)
BACKGROUND RNA interference (RNAi) has the potential to be a novel therapeutic strategy in diverse areas of medicine. Here, we report on targeted RNAi for the treatment of heart failure, an important disorder in humans that results from multiple causes. Successful treatment of heart failure is demonstrated in a rat model of transaortic banding by RNAi(More)
BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) is still under discussion. Here we report the influence of cardiac inflammation on extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling in patients with HFNEF. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in 20 patients with HFNEF and 8 control(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac inflammation and generation of oxidative stress are known to contribute to doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cardiomyopathy. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a part of the innate immune system and are involved in cardiac stress reactions. Since TLR4 might play a relevant role in cardiac inflammatory signalling, we investigated whether or not TLR4(More)
AIMS Diastolic heart failure is a frequent entity but difficult to diagnose. N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) was therefore investigated as a possible non-invasive parameter to diagnose isolated diastolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty-eight symptomatic patients with isolated diastolic dysfunction and preserved left(More)
Doxorubicin is a frequently used anticancer drug, but its therapeutic benefit is limited by acute and chronic cardiotoxicity, often leading to heart failure. The mechanisms underlying doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity remain unclear. It was previously shown in men that doxorubicin leads to increased endothelin-1 plasma levels. In addition, cardiac-specific(More)
TRIF is a member of the innate immune system known to be involved in viral recognition and type I IFN activation. Because IFNs are thought to play an important role in viral myocarditis, we investigated the role of TRIF in induced myocarditis in mice. Whereas C57BL/6 (wild-type) mice showed only mild myocarditis, including normal survival postinfection with(More)