Dirk Uwe Bellstedt

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Three genetic variants of grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV-3) were identified in vineyards of the Western Cape, South Africa. The GLRaV-3 variants were identified by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) profiles generated from a region amplified in ORF5. ORF5 sequence data confirmed the three genetic variant groups, and a specific SSCP(More)
It is widely recognized that we are entering an extinction event on a scale approaching the mass extinctions seen in the fossil record. Present-day rates of extinction are estimated to be several orders of magnitude greater than background rates and are projected to increase further if current trends continue. In vertebrates, species traits, such as body(More)
Like island-endemic taxa, whose origins are expected to postdate the appearance of the islands on which they occur, biome-endemic taxa should be younger than the biomes to which they are endemic. Accordingly, the ages of biome-endemic lineages may offer insights into biome history. In this study, we used the ages of multiple lineages to explore the origin(More)
Fire may have been a crucial component in the evolution of the Cape flora of South Africa, a region characterized by outstanding levels of species richness and endemism. However, there is, to date, no critical assessment of the age of the modern fire regime in this biome. Here, we exploit the presence of two obligate post-fire flowering clades in the orchid(More)
Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV) is responsible for severe fanleaf degeneration in grapevines of all major wine producing regions of the world, including South Africa. In order to successfully control the spread of the virus, specific and reliable diagnostic assays are necessary. The genetic variability of 12 GFLV isolates recovered from naturally infected(More)
The plastid coding rbcL and non-coding trnLF regions of 53 of 55 southern African Zygophyllum species were sequenced and used to evaluate the phylogenetic relationships within the southern African representatives of the genus. Published sequences of the same gene regions of Australian, Asian and North African Zygophyllum species were included to assess the(More)
Erica L. is the largest of the 'Cape' clades that together comprise around half of the disproportionately high species richness of the Cape Floristic Region (CFR) of South Africa. Around 840 species of Erica are currently recognised, C.680 of which are found in the CFR, the rest distributed across the rest of Southern Africa, the highlands of Tropical(More)
Potato virus Y (PVY) is an important plant pathogen, whose host range includes economically important crops such as potato, tobacco, tomato, and pepper. PVY presents three main strains (PVY(O), PVY(N) and PVY(C)) and several recombinant forms. PVY has a worldwide distribution, yet the mechanisms that promote and maintain its population structure and genetic(More)
Potato virus Y (PVY) is a major agricultural disease that reduces crop yields worldwide. Different strains of PVY are associated with differing degrees of pathogenicity, of which the most common and economically important are known to be recombinant. We need to know the evolutionary origins of pathogens to prevent further escalations of diseases, but(More)
The build-up of biodiversity is the result of immigration and in situ speciation. We investigate these two processes for four lineages (Disa, Irideae p.p., the Pentaschistis clade and Restionaceae) that are widespread in the Afrotemperate flora. These four lineages may be representative of the numerous clades which are species rich in the Cape and also(More)