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Using the knee joints of New Zealand White rabbits, a baseline study was made to determine the intrinsic capability of cartilage for healing defects that do not fracture the subchondral plate. A second experiment examined the effect of autologous chondrocytes grown in vitro on the healing rate of these defects. To determine whether any of the reconstituted(More)
The novel phenylanthraquinones 4'-O-demethylknipholone-4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2) and gaboroquinones A (3) and B (4) were isolated from the African medicinal plant Bulbine frutescens. Biaryl 2 represents the first phenylanthraquinone glucoside, while 3 and 4 are the first side-chain-hydroxylated phenylanthraquinones. Their constitutions were determined(More)
Various arthroscopic meniscal repair techniques have been developed in recent years to preserve meniscal function. We report the case of a patient with a failed arthroscopic meniscal repair demonstrating an inflammatory foreign-body reaction to bioabsorbable meniscal arrows.
We have developed a novel, two-layered, collagen matrix seeded with chondrocytes for repair of articular cartilage. It consists of a dense collagen layer which is in contact with bone and a porous matrix to support the seeded chondrocytes. The matrices were implanted in rabbit femoral trochleas for up to 24 weeks. The control groups received either a matrix(More)
A potent novel analogue of the natural macrolide antibiotic etnangien, a structurally unique RNA polymerase inhibitor from myxobacteria, is reported. It may be readily obtained from fermentation broths of Sorangium cellulosum and shows high antibiotic activity, comparable to that of etnangien. However, it is much more readily available than the notoriously(More)
We examined the role of microtubules in platelet aggregation and secretion (release reaction) induced by the calcium ionophore A23187 (0.8-5 muM). At these concentrations, platelet aggregation was preceded by a lag period of approximately 1 min. Colchicine (an agent that disrupts microtubule assembly-disassembly) was shown to bind to platelet microtubules(More)
The macrolactone archazolid is a novel, highly specific V-ATPase inhibitor with an IC(50) value in the low nanomolar range. The binding site of archazolid is presumed to overlap with the binding site of the established plecomacrolide V-ATPase inhibitors bafilomycin and concanamycin in subunit c of the membrane-integral V(O) complex. Using a semi-synthetic(More)
The purpose of this study was to observe the difference in healing of full-thickness articular cartilage defects treated with burr arthroplasty versus subchondral drilling. Cartilage was shaved off the medial femoral condyles of 39 rabbits without penetrating the subchondral plate. In left knees, two 2.0-mm holes were drilled into the condyle until bleeding(More)